Christmas ’04

‘Twas the night after Christmas, and all through the house.
Not a creature was stirring, except for Wolfe’s Mouse;
The stockings were empty and tossed the without care,
In hopes that Nicoli would lay in his lair;

The children were nestled all snug in their beds,
While visions of Xbox danced in their heads,
And InnerRainbow in her ‘nighie, and I in my buff,
Had just settled down, Christmas had been tough,
When out on the yard there arose such a clatter,
I sprang from the futon to see what was the matter.

Away to the back door I flew like the Flash,
Tore open the closet and grabbed something to bash.
The moonlight on the grass of new-fallen rain
Gave the illusion of spring and I was not sane.

When, what to my bloodshot eyes should appear,
But a huge ‘coon, and three of her dears,
With a little golf driver, so lively and quick,
I knew in a moment it must be that prick.

More rapid than eagles my curses they came,
And I shouted, and shouted, and called them some names;
“Oh, Dammit! and, Dang! you Prick”, I was bitchen.
“Oh Curses! your Stupid! Get away from the kitchen!”
“To the top of the fence! to the end of the yard!”
“Now go away! go away! go away barred!”

As the ‘coons that before the wild fury fly,
they met with a tree, and climbed to the sky,
So up to the house-top the ‘coons they did flew,
With the mouths full of crumbs, and some other stuff too.

And then, while I twinkled, I heard in the ceiling
The prancing and pawing, and each of each them squealing.
As I drew in my thing, and was turning around,
Down the chimney the thieves came with a bound.

They were dressed all in fur, from their head to their feet,
And their furs were all tarnished with ashes folded like pleat;
With a mask of dark fur they had hid their ID’s,
They looked like panhandlers begging for feed.

Their eyes — how they twinkled! They acted so perky!
It was then that I knew they wanted leftover Turkey!
And I laughed when I saw this, in spite of myself;
I had been bad, I had not been an E.L.F.
With a wink of my eye and a toss of a plate,
Soon gave them enough not to risk fate .

They spoke not a word, but went straight to the creek,
With filled stomachs of bird; they left no longer so bleak,

And I thought to myself, as they walked out of sight,
“Happy Christmas to all, and to all a good-night.”

– Wolfe
December 25, 2004

Originally posted on December 25, 2004 @ 12:35 pm

Emergency Broadcast Systems

The Global Simulated Emergency Test (GlobalSET), on Saturday, April 18, 2009 from 1100-1500 UTC will be an example of how individual volunteers can co-ordinate together to prepare for disasters and emergency situations on a global scale.1GlobalSET has it’s roots in Civil Defense Organizations such as and has since the 1930’s expanded to include specialists in deferent areas such as radio communications, emergency evacuations, disaster relief, and emergency broadcast systems. As a result, co-ordination between different groups has become more difficult for practice purposes, and individual groups tend to set their own agendas and schedules.

(Image of an SAGE ENDEC emergency broadcast receiver.)

Organizations such as FEMA, The Red Cross, ARRL, The National Emergency Management Association, NOAA, and NORAD, each set up either random or pre-schedule test runs of their response times and simulated scenarios for disasters and emergencies. Even the FCC is in on the act with their monthly EBS test over every radio station, and Television network, I’m sure you’ve been watching your favorite show when it gets interrupted by a broadcast with a high pitched whistle and those infamous words “This is a test of the Emergency Broadcast System …” for those of us that grew up during the heart of the cold war, our hearts still skip a beat every time that sound is heard, it original meant the warning of a nuclear attack from our then enemies the Russians, similar to the sirens heard in London during air raids in WW2.

The various systems in place tend to fail however. During 9/11 the EBS wasn’t activated, in 2005, 2007, and 2008 it was accidentally triggered2. Other forms of emergency communications are not able to cope with large scale situations. During 9/11 police and other emergency organization lost approximately one third of all radio messages in New York City, 3 part of the reason for this is the close proximity of radio users to each other during the crisis4.

Survivalist need to be aware that professional emergency system not only fail, give off false warnings, but are largely unable to cope with large scale emergencies. That being said however, there is one thing that the EBS and similar systems such as the Weather Alert system can be used for, practice.

It is one thing to prepare for TEOTWAWKI by purchasing supplies for our Bug Out Bags, it is another to practice using them unexpectedly. If you are aware that the following weekend you plan to test out your BOB, it lacks the ability for you to learn something that might be in the need to know area for events that happen without warning. By using the EBS system and similar warning methods to trigger a personal test run of your G.O.O.D. System, you become more aware what else you might need to consider.

Using the EBS system or even something else that is random, such as every time you hear a certain song on the radio, to trigger you to practice a get out of dodge scenario means being able to deal with unexpected. Think of it like a fire drill from the old days at school, when ever you hear that annoying tone across the television, or whatever it is you use to trigger it, see how fast every one in your family can get home safe, or even better, how fast every one can get to your hide out in the woods.

I would suggest that you also practice other scenarios, you can get your kids involved by making a game of it, telling them every time they see an elephant on TV they have to practice a fire drill, then you can expand it to include what ever you feel works.

One other thing I think is important here, getting professional advise will allow you to see two things, and get valuable information. By approaching the local police department, emergency services, or even a local chapter of your civil defense corp. you can find out what they have to offer your family in training, you will also get an idea of how well your community is able to deal with different disasters.

Lastly, being able to get long distance based information is vital to good preemptive measures that might be needed WSHTF, I would suggest that survivalists establish communications with others at a distance in order to pass vital information, HAM radios is best for this, but MURS will do fine for locals that know each other on a personal level.

– Wolfe



3“NIST Response to the World Trade Center Disaster: World Trade Center Investigation Status,” S. Shyam Sunder, Acting Deputy Director and Lead Investigator, Building and Fire Research Laboratory, NIST, US Department of Commerce, 10/19/2004, (PowerPoint presentation)


Originally posted on April 2, 2009 @ 11:31 am

Daily Habit

In order to make this a daily habit, one must first have something to say.

I have a lot to say, some would even go so far to claim I’m a bit of a wind bag.

When people meet someone new, they tend to test them. Certain things are said to see what kind of person they appear to be. Most people are totally unaware that they do this. Christians will say catch phrases during a conversation like ‘God Bless’ and ‘Jesus loves you’ to see what kind of response the other person will give them in return.

In my research work I encounter a lot of students from overseas, catch phrases to them are worth gold.

Catch phrases are not idioms, it is not the same thing. They are more better described as localized slang versions of idioms. If I say to someone ‘He is dry behind the ears’ English proficient students understand that I am referring to him as being young and immature. Sub-cultures have their own idioms, so do fan groups. If I ask ‘What is the Ultimate answer to life, the universe, and everything?’ Christian will reply with ‘Jesus’ or some such thing, but fans of Douglas Adams know right away the answer is ’42’.

I ask such questions myself all the time when I meet some one new, in fact, I have a set of questions that I usually ask, and I’m aware that I do it. The ability to understand where a person is coming from is an important skill. It allows for better communication, and acceptance.

We change our approach to people depending on how they relate to us. We tend to classify some people into groups. This is where things go wrong with catch phrases. Con artists know this, they know they can enter into any group and be considered part of the group. But that isn’t the worst thing that can happen when we tend to group people together based on what we think they are about.

Racists do this. In fact, all groups, do this.

Rainbow Families are not different in that regards. We have our own catch phrases too, although they may alter slightly from tribe to tribe. And we tend to place an ego barrier between us the LEO’s. It’s not suppose to be that way folks.

Just something to think about.


Originally posted on July 19, 2004 @ 9:40 am

End Of The World

‘It’s the end of the world as we know it, and I feel fine’..’

One of my favorite songs.

Today’s Book Suggestion by Leafy: ‘Getting Back Together’ By Robert Houreit

I love ‘End of The World’ type movies. They can be dystopias, or anything remotely connected to the extinction of mankind. Steven King’s ‘The Stand’ is a classic. I know it’s not a rainbow peace type of thing to be into, but heck I have yo-yo karma anyway, this just entertains my dark half. Besides, ‘we’ are going to be the survivors right? I mean when anyone watches these movies, generally speaking we align our thoughts on the characters which survive the end of the world more or less. We all want to be the rebels in ‘V’, and save the world from the visitors.


James Finn Garner wrote a book just before the end of the century. (ISBN: 0-684-83649-1 1997) Titled ‘Apocalypse WOW!’ It goes on in great detail of how in the past people believed that the world was about to end, but didn’t. It’s written in a comedic manner, funny as hell if you ask me. But also full of insight.


I would like make my own little prediction, about when the world will end.

I believe that the world will end in August 1962.

Yes, you heard me, 1962.

And who may you ask is the anti-christ? Well, in a manner of speaking, it is/was J.C.R. Licklider of MIT.

Don’t follow me yet do you?

Ok, here’s the point. Licklider predicted the internet, in his research into packet transmissions. That is to say. Using little bits of data to pass information rather then having a direct circuits like an analog telephone line. When Licklider did this work, he ended the industrial age, and started the information age, which provided a way for the genetic paradigm, and of course the internet.

Ok, enough with the work talk.

My grandmother never saw a plane until she was twelve. She had lived on a farm in northern Italy. At that age, the industrial revolution had not hit the little northern town in which she had lived her whole life up till then. She never would have thought to live long enough for NASA to send up space shuttles on a bi-monthly basis. By the time she died, mankind had all the mapping of human DNA. For her, the world she knew ended on the day she saw that plane.

The world as we know it’

Many of us are still living the lie that we are in an industrial age. We are not, it’s over, it’s been for some time now. Get on with it.

Information demands to be free. It spreads faster then a computer virus, because no one but the people who claim ownership try to stop it’s spread. That is the nature of the information age, that is the end to copyright, the end to tuition, the end to KFC’s secret recipe (I have a copy, if you want it). Eventually the technology will put this information broker out of business. Ok, fine with me, I’ll be on SEED. J

‘ and I feel fine.

There is a scare of SARS, AIDS, green house gas, ozone holes and the like. But, there is also eco-activists, bio-fuels, free education (almost), public health, a changing view of mother earth, and a desire for peace that created the new world power on February 15th 2003’.. The People!

Let the world end. We are the survivors.

– wolfe

Originally posted on June 15, 2004 @ 11:34 am

Dual Citizenship

Why you want duel citizenship:

The majority of those that find this article via some internet search engine are either trying to avoid paying income tax, or seeking a second passport as a plan “B” to bugging out. My original reason for seeking duel citizenship was for the addition of privacy rights under certain jurisdictions, however due to the current global economic collapse, my interest has been altered to looking into a way to broaden the range of where I can look for employment. Having just one passport from any of the 27 EU countries makes it easier to acquire a job in 31 countries due to agreements. Unfortunately every single one of those countries, plus the USA, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand are all suffering from the same economic meltdown.

So if employment in recognized countries and others, privacy laws, and tax reasons are not the major reasons to getting that second passport, why do it? Well, because you can. There may come a day where those reasons return, or others, but the opportunity to do so has changed. There is also the other possibility that there maybe reasons in the future that would have you hating yourself for not getting that dual citizenship, maybe it would literally save your life. Sometimes, it would also be desired to drop your current citizenship, or at the very least be ready do so, ask any former citizen of Yugoslavia.

The Right of the Soil:

If you were born in Canada, or over 30 other countries, you already have citizenship in that country. It’s called Jus Soli under international law. However, there is a recent trend to move away from this law, since it is often abused by illegal immigrants to get citizenship for their yet to be born children, and then have the child sponsor the parent/s. So if you are not currently living where you were born, you should insure that you can maintain your citizenship with your country of origin in the event the rules change.

The Right of Blood:

If your Grandparent, or maybe even Great Grandparent, was a citizen of approximately 30 countries, you can acquire your second citizenship. It is even viewed under some them that you already have citizenship, and just not know it. Not every country that accepts Jus sanguinis as a means to get citizenship interrupts it the same way, it is possible that the country uses what is called Lex sanguinis instead, which means it doesn’t matter how far back your relatives are of that nationality or ethnicity background you may still get the citizenship.

Just Buy It:

Did you know you can get American citizenship with nothing more then just money and time? It’s called an EB-5 visa. Although the amount of money involved ranges from half a million, to a full million dollars. Don’t have enough? Then I would suggest you watch the progress of The Startup Visa Act of 2011 (EB-6 Visa) as it makes it’s way through congress, and the senate.

Many other countries have similar things on the books for citizenship by investment. But you literally can buy your foreign passport in some places, although I would suggest you skip those.

Dropping A Citizenship:

For the most part I would recommend against dropping a citizenship regardless of where it is from, or why, generally speaking it will not protect you from extradition orders anyway unless you have never been to the country of origin of the order in the first place.

In addition, getting rid of an unwanted citizenship is actually harder then getting one in the first place most of the time. For example, to get an Italian citizenship via Lex sanguinis is just a matter of paperwork, most of which is provided by either your own country or Italy itself, but to get rid of a Canadian citizenship (desired due to taxes for example) you have to make sure you have broken ALL ties to Canada, including things as obscure memberships in clubs, magazine subscriptions, and even unpaid bills.

One Other Alternative:

Instead of you getting a dual citizenship, you can set up a company in another jurisdiction. That company can be more secure because of where it is, and the currency it uses then your own home turf, or at the least, you can divide your current assets between a local company and that one.

– Wolfe

Wolfe`s Self-Efficiency Index 2008

From The Archives: 2008

In these economic times, with the state of the stock market playing like a yo-yo, my thoughts have turned to how this will effect me. I’ve already done one post on ‘my cost of living’, but with the changes happening so fast in the markets, it no longer applies as it did before, and during any kind of crisis, like the recent rice and chicken ones, doesn’t give someone an idea of how things in the economy effect them. The most relevant factor in all this that will effect me is the price of real estate, which in my case works in my favor. What has caught my interest however recently is the underground economy, how is the current state of affairs effecting those that don’t play by the rules, and so on.

I came across a Wikipedia article on “Household Electricity Approach” to determine the size of the underground economy. This reminded me also of the Carbon Footprint, and other such indexes which people use to see how they compare to others in a given context. Hence, I decided that what survivalists, and those into self-efficiency needed was an index relative to themselves. In trying to figure out what factors would be involved in a self-efficiency index, a few came to mind right away. First off, electricity, gas, water consumption, and food.

These should be fairly easy to figure out as we all get Hydro bills, Gas bills, and what not. If, in the case of electricity you do not produce any of your own, you are 100% less efficient then those that produce a 100% of those that provide all their electric energy needs. It isn’t a measure of how much you use, if you use none, your 100% efficient in that area.

Just for the record, if you planning on using a kerosene lantern, and don’t make the kerosene yourself, in a SHTF situation your not being very efficient. One other factor that occurred to me I couldn’t really place a proper label on, it concerns the amount of money you need compared to how you get it.

Considering that there is property tax, and for renters rent, it is an unavoidable expense, and takes a percentage of your income to cover it. But, the amount of money you take in can vary from person to person, and differs in style, and can change in circumstances.

Here is what I’m thinking, if I work for a fast food restaurant, I am at the whim of the market, and my employer completely. If I work in a service trade as a contractor, I am at the whim of several clients, which is a little better then working in a restaurant, because a service contractor is also a producer of real products and I’m not likely to loose all my clients at the same time.

If I hold down a small business that produces products from raw materials (assuming that those raw materials are locally available), I’m in a better position to be self-efficient then others. Potters, are a prime example here, my trade of choice, as are glass blowers, and similar early trades. Part of the difference here is that I would have customers rather than bosses. Not only does that give me more control over my own fate, but also give me more ability to adept to changing markets.

So there are two other factors involved in creating a self-efficiency index, a value on the type of income, the income itself, and what percentage of that income is taken by items you cannot avoid such as property tax.

The food factor itself should be fairly easy to figure out as far as costs go, since all you would have to do is figure out how much it would have cost you for food items you produced yourself. But since this isn’t really about money, it’s about efficiency, and therefore it is the amount of food you produce yourself, compared to that which you need to buy or trade for that would be a factor in this index.

I would think that using a healthy food guide as base factor, or a calorie index would provide something to compare too. Other things that I’m thinking about to use in this get more vague since I’m not sure how to measure things that are arbitrary to each person. Such things mostly include consumer goods, toilet paper comes to mind first, so do shoes and boots, and other such items that require not only knowledge to produce yourself, but also require time to produce which can be almost as important if not more so depending on what it is.

My thinking is this, do you really want to spend hours making shoes when the time spent would be better milking a cow? And if you continue on that train of thought, you might come to the conclusion that the job offer over at the fast food restaurant is more self-efficient then growing your own food.

Where does one draw the line?

Fortunately for me it is easy to figure out how to decide where to draw line, I simply refuse to do so. In my opinion it is more important to be able to make your own shoes, then to actually doing so. What becomes more self-efficient depends on circumstances at the time the item is needed. I will assume that anyone who needs an index like this already knows that they are not were they want to be at being self-efficiency, so any extra cash you have should be used to that end, and I’ll ignore this amount and figures until I’m closer myself.

So in a SHTF situation, you might make or trade items to acquire what you need, but in a ‘normal’ economy you’d buy them from the local thrift store. So how does that translate to an index factor?

I think one would have to compare yourself to the sheeple that goto Walmart, and other such places, and look at how efficient it is to make a product yourself under any settings, keeping in mind that you can also buy (used or new) or trade for what you need. Which of coarse still leaves me without some sort of number to place in a mathematical formula. Therefore I would eliminate anything you can survive without, food, basic clothing, shelter, clean water, heat, are about all that I would include as far as consumer goods are concerned. You can survive without toilet paper, albeit not so nicely, and the same with most other goods. This leaves me with the following:

  1. A factor of Utilities, such as Gas, Electricity, and Water. I compared these to the population average for my area. I do not produce my own electricity, water, or gas, so this will be a good marker to compare at a later date on the farm. Currently, we use an average of 1100 kW.h, of electricity per month, we use an average of 0.04 GJ of Natural Gas per hour per day, 1.2 per month. We get our tap water for free in this area of British Columbia so I’ll use the average from stats Canada. I assume these figures are not to bad for a family of six with the old wiring, and an old house but I have no idea.
  2. A factor for shelter costs. We don’t own yet, but rent, I know that property tax is somewhere around 1% for suburban houses of the estimated value of the land. This home is valued currently at about $450,000 so therefore the property taxes are about $4,500 a year. My rent is $850 a month, if I multiple it by twelve it is just over double the property tax so this gives me a good factor when dealing with rent since I believe that owning is worth double points over renting, then divide by the cost of a silver troy bar. (see below)
  3. Total true income is another factor. This one is tricky. When I was caravaning on the road for 14 years, we made on average half of what we make now, but were by no means better off getting off the road. Plus, I live in a socialist country (Canada) so I don’t really pay for health care costs directly like my US counterparts. But if SHTF happens, I’ll have to supply any needs for health care myself directly. I also know, being of duel citizenship, that in Europe there are options for health coverage that vary greatly compared to North America. So the problem is compounded when trying to use some kind of scale to compare how self-efficient you are in regards to fiat money.There use to be a really good marker for the value of a dollar, the gold base system, but I’m not going to use it mainly because the figures hurt my brain and don’t want to recalculate so often, so I’m going to use silver instead.Currently, as of today (in this market it’s not going to count for much) silver is trading about $13.20 a troy ounce. (Canadian folks) Silver is a good marker because you know that the buying power of silver will remain relatively the same compared to goods and services, fiat money on the other hand will not SHTF. So if $13.20 will get me approximately 10 loaves of bread today, one silver troy bar will still get me that even if the cost of bread goes threw the roof. Maybe something else would have been a better example, I’m not in the bread basket of North America. So my true income marker would be the amount of silver troy bar I could buy. If the buying power of the dollar goes down, so does the marker. Now I also have to figure out how much my health care costs are and include that into my income before I figure out how many troy bars I could get, but for those in the states that know their true costs, it should be easier for you.Now about how you get those troy bars. I would say that the person who has their own small business that relies on local raw resources would be the most efficient, and the one that works at a local restaurant like McBarfs would be the least in comparison. I also included service trades above, but it also occurred to me that pensioners, and those living in nursing homes would even less then them, as far as income goes in this index. I think the factor should be divided by as you move away from being self-efficient therefore a small self-efficient business would factor the amount of troy bars they can buy with their income by one, and the the service trade guy divides by two, and the restaurant worker by three, and all the rest by four.
  4. Food factor. This one is easy, a lot of survivalists spend time on figuring out what plants they are going to grow, how much they should have in MREs and so on, but to be self-efficient all you have to do is figure out your base, either the cost, the actual food in a regular grocery list, some kind of food guide such as Canada’s food guide, or just the calories, vitamins and minerals you need to survive.I’m opting for the actual cost, it’s easy for me to keep track of currently, and is a real time factor. I will convert it over to the silver troy bar standard to make it compatible with other above however, and subtract from it any food I produce myself, another easy factor since that is currently near zero.
  5. Consumer Goods, or better knowns as What You don’t make yourself factor: I know, lame name, but it fits. This is another silver troy based system factor, basically all the money you spend on stuff that you don’t produce yourself. This wouldn’t include things you need to survive however. I think the most important thing about this is not only does it make you look at your budget, and the money you spend, but how much of your spending is not sustainable.My formula for all this works out like so (my example):
    Take your total income including your health costs: $27,000 per year Divide that amount by the current rate for a silver troy bar: 27,000/13.2=2045.45 Now divide that by what kind of income you have as mentioned above, mine is currently the worse, so this is good thing to compare to the farm in a few months. I divid by 1, but I should divide by four, it just know my source of income is going to chang soon, and the amount is not going to change to much.Added Note: dividing by 2,3,4 etc doesn’t seem to work, I think this should be changed to something like 1.1, 1.4, 1.7, etc depending on what type of business you work for in more detail. Just remember that a score of 1 is WTSHTF secure, and what ever number you can alot to beyond that is less secure. Add up how much energy/water you use in your household, and figure out what percentage you are compared to the average for your area, then average it out between them. Electricity: 13200:11300 kW.h per year Water: 136274:136274 litres per year (OUCH!) Gas: 14.4:13.68 GG per year.The first part of each ratio above is my family average, the second part is the national average. A little note first, I have a family of six, the averages used were based on a family of four so my Water usage is likely higher then above, plus I have a garden, not everyone does.The percentages work out like this: Electricity: 115.79% Water: 100% Gas: 105.26% Average: 107.01% So far I have three factors figured out. I have a base for currency exchange and income worked out to 2045.45, a score of 772.72 for shelter (850×12/13.20), and an energy/water factor of 107.01%, not doing so good am I? I have to guess at what my rate is for a food factor because I don’t keep good records about what we get ourselves.We generally get blueberries from a old military base in Richmond, BC. Cranberries in Pitt Meadows (don’t ask), and fish. I haven’t gone hunting this year, so meat was bought 100% at the local grocery store. Our garden provide very little this year, mainly because I’m on a quest to harden seeds, so I’m not interested in getting food out of it. If we provided 10% of all our food, my score would be 90%. but since I have to more of a pessimist about my current situation I’ll say that my score is 99.99% for the year. That leaves me with only one last factor to figure out. How much do I spend of silver troy bars on junk?

    There is 2045.45 bars available in my household per year, out of that I spend 772.72 on shelter leaving 1272.73. My costs for food, which are an essential to staying alive, are about equal to my shelter costs, so that’s another 772.72 gone, which leaves me with 500.01. At the end of every month I can buy four silver troy bars (now you know why I used this as a base system), which means I’m spending 447.21 on garbage, or at least on stuff I can not/to lazy to make myself.

    The difference between what I have left over and what I started with becomes my final factor. (447.21:500.01=89.44%) Now to pull it all together, to get something to gauge against in the future.

    1: Energy/Water: 107.01
    2: Shelter: 772.72
    3: True Extra Income: 500.01
    4: Food: 99.9
    5: WIDMMS: 89.44 (What I Don’t Make My Self)

I think all the percentage based scores should be multipliers, the reason for this is they each represent a bad mojo. So if you score a low percentage on the amount of junk you buy, you will not score to much higher because the multiplier will be lower and so on.

This means I have a multiplier of 296.35 (107.01+99.9+89.44) Since everyone true income will be different, it’s the amount of that income you use to survive that counts, therefore I use the amount that is extra beyond shelter and food, and add it to the shelter score since some people rent at different rates, or pay property taxes at different rates. (1272.73) This leaves me with two factors, one based on percentages and another on shelter/income, I just multiplied them to make it more simple. (1272.73×296.35=377173.5355) That’s a huge number that after all these calculations doesn’t really mean anything.

We know that a person who doesn’t have to pay property taxes, and covers 100% of everything he/she needs, including health care from their own homestead gets a perfect score (maybe their spouse is a doctor). And we also know that a person living off of welfare in a nursing home gets the exact opposite score, the question is where do we fit into this?

Well I happen to know what the score is for someone in a nursing home around the corner from my house, and it makes a perfect example of a bad score because not only do the they live off welfare, their ‘home’ in question has no idea about shopping locally, or being green etc. It happened to work out to being so close to 500,000 I just rounded it off. If 500,000 is the worse case (0% Self-Efficiency) then zero is perfect. That means that I am only about 24.57% self-efficient. (377173.53:500000=75.43%) Not good.

– Wolfe

Originally posted on July 1, 2008 @ 1:09 pm


Les jones

Originally posted on January 9, 2009 @ 4:51 pm

Better Encryption Intro

The best encryption code is a ‘one time pad’. It simply cannot be cracked. The practical problem of it is passing of the pad. It has to be done in complete secrecy or it is useless. That is the primary reason that public key based systems like PGP and GPG are so common, there are two keys, one public and the other private. The level of encryption is high enough to meet almost everyone’s need.


There is one flaw that is never talked about with encryption methods currently being used on the internet, at least as far as I have noticed. And that is the fact that if you see an encrypted message, you know it’s an encryption.

So I’ve been working on alternatives.

Take for example the ‘secret message’:

“The quick brown fox”

When you pass this through a numerical base converter (obase 62), it ends up as:

212488 391404532 169068815 59181

You still know it’s an encoded message. But numbers can be converted into anything. For example:

“Moved back Chris’ electric screen system. Not just luck, you almost erased Fred’s drive monday. But Greg took unix quick systems in September first. For timed backups in Unix.”

It’s a bit long, but it’s a start at sending a human readable message that really means “The quick brown fox.”, and it doesn’t look like a coded message, well at least not much.

I’m getting there.

– wolfe

Originally posted on August 7, 2007 @ 11:59 am

First Aid Ointment

doctor, first aid, profession
3D_Maennchen (CC0), Pixabay


  1. Powdered Parafin Wax 3/4 C. (170g)
  2. Petrolatum 1/4 C. (57g)
  3. Cetyl Alcohol 1/2 C (113g)
  4. Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide 1 t. (4g)
  5. Water 3 1/2C (829ml)
In the top of a double boiler, melt powder parriffin wax and petrolatum and stir together. Then stir in cetyl alcohol  and Cetyltrimethylammonium bromid. Add water slowly, stirring constantly. Cool to just above solidification point, pour into jars, and cool to room temperature. (Antibacterial)

Originally posted on May 10, 2007 @ 10:59 am

Another mile in another mans shoes

Well it’s been two years and a bit since our house fire.

So what has changed since then you might ask? Well, actually I’ve been asking myself that. When the fire first happened we were very tempted to go back to Ontario, but we stayed. And I must admit I am glad we did, British Columbia is with out a dought home.

We litterally lost everything in that fire. Even my shoes. If your incline to chat with me in real time, I can be found on indymedia’s irc server in channel #underground. So can a guy who goes by the nickname leaf.

Leaf sent me a pair of shoes. He sent me a couple actually, nice guy that he is. And I litterally wore out the runners a while ago. But the slippers, they are still going strong.
Nobody makes shoes right anymore it seems, but once in a while a pair come my way that are worth their weight in gold. They last and last.

I’m part of me that italian. but who knows for sure.

Anyway, thanks for letting me walk many a mile in your shoes leaf.


Originally posted on April 5, 2005 @ 4:50 pm

What is SEED?

The first question people ask about SEED is common ownership of the land, and sharing of incomes etc. When we answer , they ask us why we call ourselves a commune. Here is the answer.

Continue reading “What is SEED?”

Originally posted on April 22, 2003 @ 4:53 pm

You might be an idiot if …

funny, man, positive
Vitabello (CC0), Pixabay

  1. Your new girlfriend comes over for the first time and
    when she walks into the living room, the first thing that
    she sees is your collection of protest posters.
  2. You have more pets and plants then your landlord knows.
  3. Your dream vacation is walking into the woods, with only a knife… for days.
  4. You think Global Warming and TEOTWAWKI mean the same thing.
  5. You vote for the Green Party, but call yourself an anarchist.
  6. You worry about the extinction of every living thing on the planet, except man.
  7. You think protesting is going to change the world to be more green and anti-corporate, so you take your fossil fuel car to the protest you found out about on your smartphone.
  8. You hate Walmart, and other big box stores, because they kill jobs, so you shop on Amazon as a boycott.
  9. You think being Vegan is healthy.
  10. You think PETA saves animals.
  11. Your a vegetarian, because you think that if everyone did it, there would be more food.
  12. You know what monkey wrenching means, personally.
  13. You think that gun control means that criminals will have fewer guns.
  14. You think direct democracy is a good idea.


History Repeats Itself

I love sayings. Quotes, Wisdoms, Psalms, Proverbs, and even puns. I guess that is why Robert A. Heinlein quote rests as my banner on this blog. One of the sayings I often use is “The only thing we learn from history, is that we don’t learn from history.” (paraphrased from Winston Churchill)

It’s true though, no matter what way it is phrased, or said, we tend to learn nothing from the past. Part of that is due to the fact the history is only really written by the winners, the other is that we as humans suffer from cognitive dissonance. We want it work this time.

Socialism is a philosophy of failure, ... its inherent virtue is the equal sharing of misery. - Winston Churchill Click To Tweet

Recently in the news, the bank of England with held Venezuela’s gold reserves from leaving the bank… or is it actually news? I read ZeroHedge often, and was a bit curious to see how long they’ve been posting, so I went back to find their first set of posts. Turns out their first real post was a headline that could have been made in the last month.

Fiat money, even crypto, is a dead end. Always will be. I’ve been saying that for years too. Representation of wealth is not wealth, doesn’t matter what legalize you use, it just isn’t so. Gold is the standard, and you can’t trust anyone with your real wealth.

Guess we never learn.

– Wolfe

My Book Wish Lists

Last Updated: Jan 10th 2019

OK, here it is, my book wish list. It is not by any means complete, although very long, but I will try to update it as time goes on. I am mainly interested in “How To” books, anything published by Foxfire Fund, Inc. Basically, DIY guides related to getting back to the land, gardening, homesteading, survival. My collection is mostly Non-Fiction, including history, crafts, self-efficiency, early trades, activism related topics, environmental issues, human rights, and politics. The fiction books I do collect are almost all “End of the World” and dystopia.

My funds for this wish list is rather limited, so it will take time to complete.

Items with a strike threw the text have been gathered already. And should be on a “Books I Own” list. They are left on this list encase I have some other disaster like my house fire a few years ago. Some books are still on this list as a result of that.

You can add comments to this post at the end if you want to recommend something, email me for actually selling me one on the list.

If you happen to be looking for any book listed here yourself, or are interested in getting my copy that has the strike threw in it (I won’t sell it), contact Robert or Peter at BookTown (this store has since closed) that’s where I buy most of my books these days, and will likely still get them there even if I move to Ontario. In fact, the primary reason this list is posted on the net is so that they can read it when new stuff comes in.

My apologizes in advance for the books not being listed in alphabetical order, or by author. I did manage to list them by subject though.

– Wolfe

Early Trades:

Alex W. Bealer wrote a book called “The Art of Blacksmithing” published in 1995 (Castle Books), it was part of a set which included a book on Glass Blowing, and another on Carpentry sold in Canada by Cole’s Bookstore. I’m not sure if there were any other books as part of the collection, but if so I’d be interested in them as well. I do have the “Art of Blacksmithing” ISBN: 0-7858-0395-5, but none of the others.

I have a small collection on Ceramics and Pottery, and am looking for more. As well as some woodworking, metal smithing, and various early arts and craft books. So the scope of what I am looking for includes the basics to advance how to’s in the early trades.

  • Country Tools by Fred Davis
    Part of the “Finder’s Guide Series” #7
    Publisher: Oliver Press. Willits, California. (1974)
    ISBN: 0-914400-06-1
  • “Art of Blacksmithing” ISBN: 0-7858-0395-5

Technical Books:


Radio Shack published a series of small binder insert booklets which included “Getting Started in Electronics” by Forrest M. Mims, III from 1983 to 1994 (Radio Shack Catalog Number: 276-5003 A) I am seeking the rest of the set as well as the other tiny helper books which were about half the size in dimensions as a standard novel with high gloss paper coverings.

Technical Trades and Textbooks on Electronics are also on this mental list, an example would be Donald M. Hunten’s “Introduction to Electronics for Students of Physics and Engineering Science” (University of Saskatchewan textbook 1964) if they are published/required by a University or “Recognized” trade college I’m likely interested.

  • Donald M. Hunten’s “Introduction to Electronics for Students of Physics and Engineering Science” (University of Saskatchewan textbook 1964)
  • Modern Dictionary of Electroics by Rudolf F. GrafStore Commemorative Editon – Unabrdiged
    Publisher: Howard W. Sams & Co, Inc. 1970
    LCCN: 68-13873


Do not offer me “Glencoe Pre-Algebra: An Integrated Transition to Algebra & Geometry” (ISBN: 0-02-833240-7) it’s a waste of paper. If you do, I won’t be interested in any other textbooks you offer. I desire hard mathematical science textbooks related to prime numbers, and encryption security. In fact, if it has “Glencoe” in the title, your better off burning the book, and I hate the idea of burning any book.

Computer Programming:

C programming how to books, please take note that I am not interested in C++ or GUI programming. I am a ‘nix geek after all folks. If the book even mentions Windows, don’t bother to contact me.

Might also be interested in scripting books on BASH (which I could likely write my own), TCL scripting, Perl, and Python. I am not interested in Java. If there is a history book on LISP, I’d be interested. Programming books which cover encryption, mathematics, “imaginary” high prime numbers, double keys, security, network security, linux kernal programming, firmware (linux), would be cool to add to the list. I prefer Debian, over Ubuntu BTW. Nothing on Red Hat/Fedora Core please.

  • SAM’S Teach yourself C Programming in 24 hours (NOTE: NOT THE C/C++ version)


I am looking for the answer to what might be a simple question to a chemist.

How do you bind a carbon chain to benzine?

It’s likely in a first year college textbook, but I could be wrong. Don’t ask me why I want to know this, and for you chemists out there, no comments about law enforcement issues.

Other chemistry like books I am looking for, relate to the homesteading crowd. A very good example would be any book that would be placed next to Stark Research Associates’ “The Formula Manual” 1974 (ISBN: 0-8362-2701-8), or the smaller version “The Formula Book” by Norman Stark 1975 (ISBN: 0-380-00840-8)

  • Stark Research Associates’ “The Formula Manual” 1974 (ISBN: 0-8362-2701-8)
  • “The Formula Book” by Norman Stark 1975 (ISBN: 0-380-00840-8)
  • Instrumental Methods of Chemical Analysis 2nd edition
    Publisher: McGraw-Hill 1960
    Department of Chemistry New Mexico Highlands University
    LCCN: 59-14446

Medical (Western Medicine):

I am collecting editions of “The Merck Manual”, not the home editions, but the ones that are sitting on the book shelf which belonged to your grandfather when he was practicing medicine.
I own the 8th and 12th editions already. They are published by Merck & Dohme Research Laboratories in Rathway, New Jersey.

Also in this set of Medicine books are the “Gould’s Pocket Pronouncing Medical Dictionary” by Maple Press in York, P.A. I have the 11th edition already.

I would be interested in adding medical textbooks to this list, but older textbooks. It’s the recent history I’m interested in, not in studying to become a doctor. (PRE-1950′s?)

  • The Merck Manual 1st editions till present
  • Gould’s Pocket Pronouncing Medical Dictionary 1st edition till present


Anything written by John Seymour, or M. G. Kains, or even by any author who has co-author a book with either of them along the same topics. Reminder crossed out books mean I already own them.

  • Title: The Encyclopedia of Country Living: An Old Fashioned Recipe Book (Paperback)
    Author: Carla Emery
    Publisher: Sasquatch Books; 9th edition (May 1994)
    ISBN-10: 0912365951
    ISBN-13: 978-0912365954
  • Title: The Contrary Farmer (Real Goods Independent Living Book) (Paperback)
    Author: Gene Logsdon
    Publisher: Chelsea Green (May 1, 1995)
    ISBN-10: 0930031741
    ISBN-13: 978-0930031749
  • Title: Flight from the city;: An experiment in creative living on the land (Harper colophon books, CN 1005) (Unknown Binding)
    Author: Ralph Borsodi
    Publisher: Harper & Row; [1st Harper Colophon ed.] edition (1972)
    ISBN-10: 0060910054
    ISBN-13: 978-0060910051
  • Title: Handy Farm Devices: And How to Make Them (Paperback)
    Author: Rolfe Cobleigh
    Publisher: The Lyons Press; First edition (February 1, 1996)
    ISBN-10: 1558214321
    ISBN-13: 978-1558214323
  • Title: The Open Door to Independence
    Author: Thomas E. Hill
    Publish Date: (1920s?)
    Publisher: R.C. Barnum Company (Cleveland)
    Volume 1 “The Health Book”
    Volume 2 “The Engineering Book”
    Volume 3 “Agriculture Book”
    Volume 4 “The Stock Book” – “Poultry Raising”
    (more ?)
  • Title: We Took to the Woods (Paperback)
    Author: Louise Rich
    Publisher: Down East Books (January 1, 1970)
    ISBN-10: 0892720166
    ISBN-13: 978-0892720163
    – Also interested in the 1942 edition
  • Title: Building a Multi-Use Barn: For Garage, Animals, Workshop, Studio (Paperback)
    Author: John D. Wagner
    Publisher: Williamson Publishing Company (July 1994)
    ISBN-10: 0913589764
    ISBN-13: 978-0913589762
  • Title: Cold-Climate Gardening:
    How to Extend Your Growing Season by at Least 30 Days (Paperback)
    Author: Lewis Hill
    Publisher: Storey Publishing, LLC (January 2, 1987)
    ISBN-10: 0882664417
    ISBN-13: 978-0882664415
  • Title: The Woodlot Management Handbook:
    Making the Most of Your Wooded Property For Conservation,
    Income or Both (Paperback)
    Authors: Stewart Hilts & Peter Mitchell
    Illustrator: Ann-Ida Beck
    Publisher: Firefly Books (April 1, 1999)
    ISBN-10: 1552092364
    ISBN-13: 978-1552092361
  • Title: Raising Milk Goats the Modern Way
    (Garden Way Publishing Classic) (Paperback)
    Author: Jerry Belanger
    Publisher: Storey Publishing, LLC; Rev&Updtd edition (January 3, 1990)
    ISBN-10: 0882665766
    ISBN-13: 978-0882665764
  • The Guide to Self-Efficiency by John Seymour (Hardcover)
    Publisher: Hearst Books – New York
    ISBN: 0-910990-66-2
  • Five Acres and Independence by M. G. Kains
    Publisher: Dover Publications, Inc. (1973)
    ISBN: 0-486-20974-1
  • The Home Workplace
    Compilation of “Oragnic Gardening and Farming Magazine”
    Publisher: Rodale Press Inc. Emmaus, P.A.,(1978)
  • The Homesteader’s Handbook to Raising Small Livestock
    by Jerome D. Belanger
    Rodale Press INC. Emmaus, Pennsylvania 18049 (1974)
    ISBN: 0-87857-075-


There are a few key areas that I am looking for in history, and are some what limited by topic. First, I have an interest in the 30′s, 50′s, 60′s, and early 70′s. Although anything within the last 100 years related to sub-cultures in North America would also interest me, my primary focus is on the Beatniks, Yippees, Hippies, Weather men, Anarchist Black Cross, Anarchy, Woodstock Nation, Chicago Seven, Abbie Hoffman, Activism, Civil Rights, Human Rights, Women’s Lib, Diggers, and similar topics. I don’t give a shit about Enron.

  • Making of the English Working Class (Paperback) by E. P. Thompson
    864 pages
    Vintage (February 12, 1966) Language: English ISBN-10: 0394703227 ISBN-13: 978-0394703220 Product Dimensions: 7.8 x 5.2 x 1.6 inches

Fiction Books: (EOTW)

Like I mentioned before I am seeking some fiction books, recommendation are welcome, however the scope of fiction that I am looking for is rather narrow. I would be interested in fiction that is a possible scenario for the end of the world, end of civilization, and the fall of our ‘modern’ way of life. Not books which have as it’s main plot as something which cannot be are less interesting to me.

Examples would include “Farnham’s freehold” by Robert A. Heinlein, “On the Beach” by Nevil Shute, and “Pandemic” by Daniel Kalla.

George Orwell’s’ 1984 would be a dystopia I would buy. (But that one falls under classics, and I have four copies)

  • “Farnham’s freehold” by Robert A. Heinlein
  • “On the Beach” by Nevil Shute
  • “Pandemic” by Daniel Kalla
  • “Day of the Dolphin” by ??
  • “The Chrysalids” by ?? (Note: I think I do have this book just can’t find it)
  • “The Shape of Things to Come” by ??

5 Water Storage Tips Everyone Should Know

Please note this article is about water storage tips. Purification of water is a different topic, although I do touch the topic here a bit.

Tip #1 Know Your Containers

Not all containers are created equal. Whether the container you wish to store water in is something you can place in your Bug Out Bag, or bury underground at your retreat, the material that it made from is as important as the purity of the water it holds.


Plastics that are safe to store water in must be food grade safe, on the outside of the containers there should be a recycling symbol (triangle of arrows), which has within it a number between 1 and 7. Food grades are 1, 2, 4, and 5. (Although some bio-plastics are also food grade and marked with a 7, unless you know the container is meant for food do not trust it, as not all number 7 stamps mean they are safe for food). The best food grade containers made of plastic are marked with a number 2, as this is High-density Polyethylene (HDPE) plastic. The others are PETE (#1), LDPE(#4), and polypropylene (PP/#5).1 If you are recycling old containers be careful not to use old milk jugs, or cardboard type juice boxes. Milk proteins and Juice particulars are almost never removed completely by washing and it is best to go with a new container for long term storage.


Not even all glass containers are the same. Some glass used to store chemicals originally would not be considered food safe, let alone safe to store water. Glass can break, crack due to freezing, and even end up with tiny flaws from use inside which might trap contaminates.

glass, jar, industrial
jaymethunt (CC0), Pixabay

Borosilicate glass (trademark name Pyrex) is likely one of the best forms of glassware to store food and water in as it can take temperature ranges and even has some resistance to breakage. Watch out for soda-lime based glass that calls itself Pyrex as it is not heat resistant. One example is Mason jars, and jars that look like mason jars but cannot be pressure canned.

Stainless Steel Tank:

If you plan on collecting your water from rain run off, the best way is is store it in a stainless steal tank. They generally have a 40 year life span, and they tend to actually cost less over the lifetime of the tank compared to other storage systems. Stainless Steal is best for Water Storage systems.

Tip #2 Preserve Your Water


Water from the kitchen sink tap might not need anything added to it to store it. If your municipality water supply adds chlorine to the mix store the water as is works. If however you have ‘clean’ water, without additives, you will need to add the chlorine yourself. Add two drops, of non-scented chlorine bleach to every 2 litres of water, make sure it is also non-additive as well. When you need to use the water, let it stand open for 30 minutes before drinking. You should be able to smell the chlorine in the water when you add it, if you don’t add another two drops, but remember to wait an additional 15 minutes of airing the bottle before use. Be sure to read the label when purchasing chlorine for this use, 5.35% chlorine content is best for calculating your needs. Chlorine bleach will kill mostbacteria causing diseases. Storing the chlorine itself is another issue. Chlorine should be stored between 50 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit, after a year of storage, it starts to degrade by approximately 20% per year to salts and water. If the chlorine source you are using is 6% sodium hypochlorite, you should replace it after 3 months of storage.

Calcium Hypochlorite:

Calcium Hypochlorite is actually better for storing water then using liquid bleach, because of it’s longer shelf life. It is generally sold in two forms, dry and hydrated. Although the hydrated is safer to handle the dry granular can have an indefinite shelf life (a yellow white solid which has a strong smell of chlorine). It can be purchased by the common name as “pool shock”. The thing to watch for when buying pool shock is if they add anti-scaling agents (water softeners), you want a 68%-78% calcium hypochlorite without the water softeners added, although calcium chloride is often added as well. One pound of granular Calcium Hypochlorite will treat up to ten thousand gallons of water (37854.1 litres). The process is rather simple. First you make a solution of the Calcium Hypochlorite(approximately 1 teaspoon) to two gallons of waters (8 litres). Do not drink the solution! The ratio for stored water is 1:100, one part solution to 100 parts water. Added Note: Calcium Hypochlorite can also be used to make Chloroform, but that’s another topic.


The first thing that must be mentioned about using iodine is that some people are allergic to it, some people who are allergic to shellfish are also allergic to iodine. Second, using iodine is more effective as a point-of-use method for stored water where your not 100% sure it was stored correctly. Potable Aqua Water Treatment Tablets should be stored nearby, or in your bug out bag. I include it here as a fall back method. Iodine purification works best with the water temperature being over 68 degrees Fahrenheit, and the iodine itself must be stored in a dark bottle away from UV sources such as direct sunlight as it is sensitive. Persons with thyroid problems or on lithum, women over fifty, and pregnant women should consult their physician prior to using iodine for purification. Iodine removes/kills Giardia lamblia better then bleach.2 Giardia lamblia is a flagellated protozoan parasite that colonizes and reproduces in the small intestine, causing giardiasis.3 Useage: Liquid 2% Tincture of Iodine Add 5 drops per quart when the water is clear. Add 10 drops per quart when the water is cloudy. Iodine kills microbes down to 0.004 microns!

Tip #3 Where you store is important.

Keeping safe drinking water in a proper place is as important, as storing the water correctly in the containers. Dark closets are better then garages where the sunlight hits the containers, as some plastic containers degrade faster when exposed to sunlight, as well as methods such as chlorine are also effected by the same UV rays. You might also want to consider the construction of the area the water is stored in, is it safe there from an earthquake or fire?

Tip #4 Water should be replaced every six months.

Even bottled water from the store has a shelf life, but home made stored water can have small amounts of contaminates which can have a compounded effect over time. Keep track of your preps and rotate them, including the water and methods used for your water supply.

Tip #5 More than just drinking

You need more water than just for safe drinking supply, you need to bathe, clean surfaces and utentiles, cookware needs to be maintained, and even need sterile water for first air. Take stock of the water you use on a day to day basis so that you have a better understanding of what you use when there isn’t a crisis, so that you are better prepared when there is one.

This post was originally posted for APN on February 1, 2014 moved here for Wolfe’s Archives.

Did you get a call from the IRS Criminal Investigation?

There is a robot calling my American phone number, claiming that I have committed fraud with the IRS and am under investigation (I’m not even American, yet). It wants me to call the number (202) 621-0123 which by the way is not the IRS. The IRS does not call people, they do everything legal, this is a scam to bilk people out of money, and if you Google the scam you’ll find that they are suspect in providing money to ISIL.

So here is my idea. There are a lot of people out there on the net who have there phones set up like mine. There is no connection to my real name, my address, etc and I get unlimited calling in North America. (I use a VOIP called Nettalk for less then $3 a month) you can buy this unit at Best Buy, Walmart, or similar stores and get a whole year free of the service as well. I also have what they call a disposable cell phone…

So I called them back… I muted my mic, they eventually hung up.
So I called them back… I muted my mic, they eventually hung up.
So I called them back… I muted my mic, they eventually hung up.
So I called them back… I muted my mic, they eventually hung up.

They eventually stopped accepting my calls, so I started using “Call ID Faker” (It’s a free app on the cell phone)…

What I want is as many people as possible to do the same, tie up their phone lines. There are also other numbers we can call, please add them in the comments, as well as any fun you have with these creeps.


What it means to be a Libertarian-Prepper

From The Archives: 2013

FEUDALISM: You have two cows. Your lord takes some of the milk.

PURE SOCIALISM: You have two cows. The government takes them and puts them in a barn with everyone else’s cows. You have to take care of all of the cows. The government gives you as much milk as you need.

BUREAUCRATIC SOCIALISM: You have two cows. The government takes them and put them in a barn with everyone else’s cows. They are cared for by ex-chicken farmers. You have to take care of the chickens the government took from the chicken farmers. The government gives you as much milk and eggs as the regulations say you need.

FASCISM: You have two cows. The government takes both, hires you to take care of them and sells you the milk.

PURE COMMUNISM: You have two cows. Your neighbors help you take care of them, and you all share the milk.

RUSSIAN COMMUNISM: You have two cows. You have to take care of them, but the government takes all the milk.

CAMBODIAN COMMUNISM: You have two cows. The government takes both of them and shoots you.

DICTATORSHIP: You have two cows. The government takes both and drafts you.

PURE DEMOCRACY: You have two cows. Your neighbors decide who gets the milk.

REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY: You have two cows. Your neighbors pick someone to tell you who gets the milk.

BUREAUCRACY: You have two cows. At first the government regulates what you can feed them and when you can milk them. Then it pays you not to milk them. Then it takes both, shoots one, milks the other and pours the milk down the drain. Then it requires you to fill out forms accounting for the missing cows.

PURE ANARCHY: You have two cows. Either you sell the milk at a fair price or your neighbors try to take the cows and kill you.

LIBERTARIAN-PREPPER: You have two cows. You sell one and buy a bull. End up selling cows, milk, cheese, yogurt, leather, steaks, hamburgers, ribs, all beef hotdogs and compost.

Why Clinton?

From The Archives 2017

Last night I had a long conversation with a friend about how times have changed since I was young, yeah it made me feel really old. One of the things that came up was the fact that we in western civilization have gone through some recent paradigm shifts such as moving from an agricultural paradigm to an industrial one, then more recently to a combination of two that being the information age, and the genetic age… but it suddenly occurred to me there is another that is creeping up on us in the last couple of years, and it may explain why Clinton is a front runner for President of the USA.

I won’t get into the LONG LIST of issues as to why Clinton is a very bad choice for the USA. I am more interested in why anyone would bother to vote for a person who has proven time and again that they are evil to the core.

Plato was a classical Greek philosopher who suggested that civilization changed from one type to another in a patterned circle.  He does this by creating character that represent each of the five types he thought would follow each other, but doesn’t give us the other characters that must be in play in order for this to come about.

I have my own shorten version of this concept, and it starts with King Arthor.

King Arthor was an idea. That being what would happen if a man with high morals, and high ideals would come to power and follow through on those morals and ideals. The end result, although temporary, was Camelot. The main ideal/moral that I want to point out was that not even the King himself would be above the law. In the fictional story, Camelot comes crushing down not because of the enemies at the gate, but because of human nature’s in-ability to live up to that which is right. King Author’s Camelot is a utopia, my starting point for what I think is a description of civilization/s, only because it is theoretically perfect.  This is Plato’s Aristocracy. Our Roman Empire.

King Arthor’s Camelot falls apart and becomes a broken empire when the knight of the round table try to claim their own little section of the kingdom, with the King dead. Now you have instead of one King, several power hungry kings each with their own agenda and ideas of how things should be run, but most of the them have one common idea is that, now, the king is the law, rather then a King is not above the law. Each of the knights of the round table had a main character trait that they were identified with. When Camelot ends, those character traits are no longer tempered by the wisdom and moderation of Author, you end up with dominate traits being the main focal point. A few examples of which might be a state based on the character trait of Lancelot, which I’ll call the hippie state of love. Another, Percival’s kingdom, might be made of high ideals, but ignorance really rules because everyone there just goes with the flow. Sir Lamorak would have created a warrior state, and Sir Bedivere might have managed to create something close to the original Camelot. The list goes on. These smaller kingdoms are Plato’s Timocracies. Our Roman Republics.

By the time the Sons of the Knights Templar take power, they have devolved in nothing more then rich land barons. Avalon is now nothing more then myth. The Upper Class rule the Lower Class with the only interest to maintain their power base. Eventually they get their butts kicked, and a form of democracy starts. This is where Plato’s Oligarchy ends and modern Democracy starts. But the shift isn’t as clean cut as all that. The land barons are not all killed off, think of the current Queen of England for example.

What does tend to happen is a division of power, there are those with something that the nation needs, and those that make that something work for the nation. Land and labor for example. So the two sides of the same coin form what we call houses in the government. Either side can make up any law they want, but it won’t be with power unless the other side agrees to accept it. This is where Robert’s Rules of Order, and the whigs and Tories come in.

This system, which we are still using the tail end of, is about as fair and good as it gets without your ideal king. But like King Author has a fatal flaw. Humans are far from perfect, and no matter how perfect your utopia is, humans will screw it up.

The flaw is the weakness that brings down democracy every time, and not surprisingly it is the very thing that gives it strength to begin with. The flaw is “the vote”.

Having two houses in government is suppose to prevent those with “X” from take advantage of those without “X”. But after a parliamentary system like this has been around for awhile the lines get blurred in government. A democracy is it’s simplest definition means that you elect to your house of representatives a person to take care of your interests at that government level. The common sense choice is to choose someone like you. If your a land baron you elect another land baron, if your a poor bastard you elect another poor bastard. That way you are truly represented in the halls of power. But… the poor bastard who becomes a member of the house, suddenly finds he doesn’t have to be poor no more because the other guys can easily buy his vote for what ever they want.

And the foolish baron who blows all his wealth on women and drink, find himself voting in favor with the other house because he’s actually poor now and wants to keep it a secret from his rich co-workers… the lines start to blurr.

Eventually, the ones who elect these idiots wise up. So they start experimenting to try to fix the system. These experiments include all kinds of voting systems, forms of government, military coups, civil war, free trade agreements, and any crazy idea that they think has not been tried before. Some of these ideas actually work out better for a time, some cause economic crashes. But all and all they include the power of the people to vote.

Then one day someone has an idea….

… “I can vote money out of the treasury.” …

Therein lies the final nail in the coffin of democracy. And this start’s Plato’s Tyranny.

If you want to know more of what Plato’s Tyranny looks like, vote for Hillary, or Trump. It won’t matter.

  • Wolfe

Archery for Home Defense


While some people may find it amusing—ridiculous, even—to think of archery as an effective home defense, there have been recorded cases where using a bow and arrow became as effective as using a gun.

Take the case of Claude Gates from Tampa, Florida as an example. In 1997, Gates had successfully defended his store from a repeat burglar even when he was only armed with a crossbow. He managed to hit the robber twice, which resulted in the latter’s arrest.

If you’re hesitant to buy a gun and are looking for a good alternative, you may want to consider investing on a bow instead.

Pros and Cons of a Home Defense Bow

Now before we talk about using a bow for home defense, let me tackle first the advantages and disadvantages of using one. Here are some of the obvious and not-so-obvious pros and cons of using a crossbow, compound bow, or any other type of bow, for home defense:







  1. Stealth

Unlike a gun that fires rapid shots (unless you’re using a silencer, of course), a bow and arrow set tend to be a lot quieter. For instance, while a compound crossbow may be a bit noisier than a recurve crossbow, it is still a lot less noisy than a gun.

I find that this is very important, especially when you’re trying to defend yourself from multiple house invaders. Just like in a hunt, if you don’t alert your targets and competitors of your location, you increase your chances of winning the game in the end.

  1. Legal Concerns

Getting a crossbow usually takes less paperwork than getting a gun. Gun control law requires the owner to acquire permits before he or she is allowed to use the weapon. While you may still need to fill up some paperwork for your bow, you will normally have less legal restrictions for it.

  1. Cost Efficiency

Many good-quality bows are less expensive than guns. If you’re on a tight budget, you can usually find a good brand without having to shell out a lot of money. In contrast, you usually need a bigger budget for a good and reliable handgun.

Ammunition may also be a concern. Because you can usually retrieve an arrow after you’ve shot it, I think it is the more economical choice. As long as you invest in good-quality arrows and take care of them, you can save money on resupplying your ammunition for the next time you may need to use your bow.



  1. Mastery

Before you can use a bow and arrow set properly, you need to take the time to really hone your skill at shooting it. This includes learning how to draw the bow properly, finding your anchor point, and aiming at the right angle so that you don’t end up hurting yourself instead of your intruder.

  1. Ease of Use

Unless you hang your bow in a strategic place on your wall, it may be hard to reach and aim it at your attacker, especially if you only have a few seconds to do this. Also, some bows need to be assembled beforehand (e.g., a takedown bow), so you can’t really use it to defend yourself, unless you plan to chuck the individual pieces at your assailant.

Using a bow may also be a bit more awkward than using a gun. It also takes time to aim an accurate shot, and then much more time to make a second shot if you miss the first one.


Tips on Using a Bow for Home Defense

Now that we know the pros and cons of using a home defense bow, here are some tips that may help, should you decide to go gun-free and use a bow for defense instead:

  1. Know your weapon

Before you try to use any weapon, you should take the time to learn how to use it properly. For instance, most crossbows come with an instruction manual either with the package or online. Take the time to study it and know the different parts of your bow.

You can also watch YouTube videos on how to properly shoot a bow, and then take the time to practice. The saying “Practice makes perfect” may sound cliché, but you’ll be thankful you did it when you do need to use your bow to defend yourself.

  1. Take advantage of your space

Most likely, you would know the layout of your home better than your intruder would. Take advantage of this and find strategic spots where you can hide and aim when an attack does happen. Remember: This is literally your home turf, so make the most of it!

  1. Always have a backup plan

Even the best plans can go sideways, and this is especially true if you’re working under pressure. If your arrow fails to hit its target, make sure you have a backup weapon, whether it’s a pepper spray, a small pocket knife, or just basic combat skills.

Don’t rely solely on your crossbow or compound bow. There’s always a chance that it won’t fire properly, so you need a contingency plan when this happens.

  1. Consider installing a home security alarm

If budget permits, it’s always better to have an alarm system that alerts you of any forced entry to your home. This usually gives you more time to get your weapon, go to a predesignated spot, and wait quietly until you get the intruder in optimal position to fire off a successful arrow.



A bow and arrow set may not seem like the most practical choice for home defense, but I find that it’s a good alternative if you don’t like guns or you don’t have the budget to buy one.

It may take a bit more time getting used to, but once you’ve followed the tips I’ve given and master the art of shooting a bow, you will increase your chances of effectively defending yourself and your family from any home invasion.


A mini interview with the author of gpredict

Alexandru Csete, also known as OZ9AEC is a physicist from the University of Aarhus, and works as in the European space industry, and a holder of a CEPT Cat. 1 amateur radio certificate since 1991. He is also the author of gpredict which I have mention in my Beginner’s Guide to HAM Radio (Debian Program List) on this blog.

His primary interests today are satellite comms, building and modifying equipment and developing free software for Unix-like operating systems. Between Jan 2008 and Mar 2009 He was also involved in the Google Lunar X PRIZE by contributing to Team FREDNET.

His website is dedicated to technological endeavors within the areas of ham radio, free software and space technology – all free and open source. I approached Alexandru via jabber for a mini-interview for the purpose of posting to this blog, and here it is.

Wolfe: How long have you been interested in HAM Radio’s and Satellites?

Alexandru: I got interested in ham radio when I was 14 and got my license at the age of 16 in 1991. It was mainly shortwaves in the beginning and satellites came a few years later.

Wolfe: What kind of set up do you have?

Alexandru: Antennas: Butternut HF2V for 160, 80, 40 and 30 meter bands and some yagis and parabolic dishes for VHF, UHF and microwaves. Radios: IC-765, FT-817, Elecraft K1, some home built kits, and some experimental hardware for playing with software defined radios.

Wolfe: How far can a HAM radio broadcast? What about line of sight?

Alexandru: On shortwaves around the world (depending on the cyclic solar activity, which is currently very bad). On VHF and up only line of sight, continental when using satellites in low earth orbit, “half globe” when using satellites in high earth orbit.

Wolfe: Your the author of gpredict, what is that program used for, and why did you create it?

Alexandru: The program is used for real time satellite tracking and orbit prediction. It is necessary for satellite communication in order to know when a satellites comes by, where to point the antennas and how much Doppler correction is necessary. I wrote it because there were no such application with nice GUI for the Linux operating system.

Wolfe: Have you ever been involved in emergency broadcasts with HAM Radio, and if so what happened?

Alexandru: No, I haven’t.

Wolfe: How would someone get started with HAM Radio, with the intention of having a backup communication system in the event of an emergency?

Alexandru: I would suggest to get in touch with local clubs and regional/national societies. They should be able to provide guidance in getting started according to regional laws and regulations.

Wolfe: What would be your dream communication set up? Why?  How many different types of antennas are there , and what are they used for?

Alexandru: Hmm… my imagination has no limits… I think the biggest obstacles for me are lack of proper location with room for antennas and time (and of course money)

Alexandru: There would be antennas and other equipment for covering the relevant parts of the whole spectrum 100kHz to 50GHz.

Wolfe: What kind of power supply would you need for such a set up?

Alexandru: Good question… I’m not sure, but I like green power so it would have a lots of solar arrays and windmills (Denmark is a very windy country).

Wolfe: Is broadcasting on Short Wave, MURS, or Microwave the same thing as HAM radio?

Alexandru: No, those are commercial or national services. Ham radio is a hobby.

Wolfe: If the world was going to have a major disaster tomorrow that wiped out our modern society, what radio equipment would you suggest to buy today?

Alexandru: Shortwave would be good to have long comm range.

Wolfe: Your in Denmark, is knowledge about Morse code still a requirement to get your operators license?

Alexandru: I believe it has been removed now.

Wolfe: Do you think that even thou North Americans do not need to learn Morse code to get their two meter band license, they should learn it anyway? Why?

Alexandru: No, except if they are interested in it. I use morse code because it’s fun but I wouldn’t impose it on anybody.

– wolfe

Common Core Math

Common Core Math might actually be a good idea…
… but I doubt those that support it have any clue as to why.

Before I get into my thinking of this topic, I need to write about some basic concepts in mathematics, and a mini review of some history. It’s not because I think my readers don’t know these things, it’s because these concepts are so basic or commonly known,  we simply do not think about them consciously. So please bare with me for a few here while I try to set the base line of translation  of what I am trying to communicate.

When my generation was in kinder-garden we were taught how to count from zero to ten. This was the start of giving us a basic understanding of a number line like the image below.

We then learned how we just carried over the next digit to the next column, and we were off the the races counting from zero to  twenty, then onto a hundred … ad infinitum…

As we progressed in school, and Math class in particular, we even learned about negatives on the number line…


This understanding of the number line was then used to teach us basic addition and subtraction …

Which was the basics for multiplication and division, and trigonometry, algebra etc. Up to the late 1990’s this was a good idea. But then something happened, the paradigm of the information age exploded.

During my classical education I was taught what can be referred to as classical mathematics, and imperial measurements. Half way through my basic education Canada changed from imperial measurements to the metric system. Metric was a different way of thinking about distance, volume and mass. Although in many ways Canada’s industries still use imperial, a 2 by 4 beam of wood is still a 2 by 4, we have metric in many areas now where it wasn’t before. The British use metric, the Americans use imperial, and  Canada tends to use both because of our relationships with the other two countries.

There have been both advantages to metric in Canada, and some draw-backs, but over all Canada has benefited from metric because we still really speak both languages of metric and imperial.

Now what I want you the reader to do, is to stop thinking about math as a logic problem solving skill set, this is key to understanding the advantage of Common Core. Math is the universal language, metric is only one dialect of it, imperial is another.  Or…. better and more accurately portrayed … base-10 is one dialect and base-12 is another. (Yeah, I know, other geeks will see that as an error, ignore it.)

Today, because I’m a total geek, and I love figuring out ways to hack different forms of encryption, I was trying to solve a road  block. I could not get out of my own way of looking at the problem, it wasn’t just being target fixated, it was that my basic  understanding of the problem was limited. So I began searching the net to see if others had tried to solve the same, or similar problem, and found an answer.

But the answer to my problem, wasn’t what really caught my attention, it was HOW it was solved. As I looked at the solution, which was written in long form, I kept thinking to myself, this looks a lot like common core math. So I looked around for a better description of what Common Core was really all about. Bottom line, Common Core is a different way of thinking about number-lines. Common Core does not replace the basic or classical mathematics my generation was taught, it’s an add-on to the skill set.

So to get to the point, I’ll give you a simple number such as Three Hundred and Twenty One.

321 = 300 + 20 + 1

This is what we adults sorta see when we look at Common Core. Not the best example, but I’m writing this to make it easy to follow along. But the correct way to represent the number 321 is to write it like this…  (syntax for non-geek)

321 = (3 x 10^2) + (2 x 10^1) + (1 x 10^0)

Translated into English this means: Three Hundred and Twenty One is equal to three multiplied by ten raised to the power of two, plus, two multiplied by ten raised to the power of one, plus, one raised to the power of zero. The reason for the the “ten” is because we use base-10. Think about that for a moment.

If the number I was trying to translate was in base-7, say 421, to my dialect of math (base-10), I can now do this easy as follows:  (syntax for the geeks)

421(base-7) = 4*72 + 2*71 + 1*70 = 211(base-10)

Translation: Four Hundred and Twenty One in Base Seven is equal to four multiplied by seven raised to the power of two, plus, two multiplied by seven raised to the power of one, plus, one multiplied by seven raised to the power of zero, which equals Two Hundred and Eleven in base ten.

Being able to do this, and understand it, is fundamental to cracking some basic cryptography. But it is also used in binary computer models, and hexadecimal programs. And those are just the examples related to my field of work. Chemistry, Physics, Astronomy, Engineering, and a host of others also use different base systems for different problem solving.

The whole purpose of Common Core is to get children at a young age to develop, a different way of thinking, about numbers. Because without the ability to understand the different dialects, or at least recognize them, there are a host of careers that are out of reach.

– wolfe

Beginners Guide To Ham Radio Debian Program List

There is a little know fact about the history of the computer operating system called Linux that I have to mention here at the out set. Debian Linux was built for HAM operators thanks largely to Bruce Perens. I’ve always liked the idea to be able to contact someone on the other side of the world without giving a dime to Ma Bell. The added bonus is being able to do this without being dependent on the grid, and solely self-contained.

There is an often missed topic for Survivalists and that I find unusual, and that being communications. Communications is the root of information, and information is key to survival. As I create How To’s and Guides on this site I will tend to break it up into smaller bits and bites (pun intended), so for the first step in learning about HAM Radio Communications, I am providing a list of free open source programs related to HAM Radio.

If you do not use Linux I strongly suggest that you head down to your nearest ‘FreeGeek‘ for learning all you can about it. You can pick up a really cheap computer there to mess around with Ubuntu, or Debian. (Ubuntu is another port of Debian) You can also buy a used cheap computer at your local thrift store such as the Salvation Army Store, and download a ‘Debian Business Card‘.


Burn the Business Card onto a disc from your “good” computer, and then hook your thrift store cheap computer up to the net, insert the business card, and install Debian. Most of the settings will already be set correctly so you shouldn’t have to much trouble setting up a Linux box. The only recommendation I have that is sometimes skipped on How To Set Up Debian, from a Google search is to give your new cheap computer a unique name during set up, this will make it really easy to network on your connected systems and gadgets. My tower is called “frank’ for example, and it is really easy to send back ups from my laptop to the other computer by using, http://frank.local instead of trying to figure out the current dynamic IP address of that computer on my home network.


By the way, frank is short for Frankenstein, since he was made from thrift store junk parts. Oh, one last thing, if you come up with a nickname for your computer you really like, save it for your ‘good’ windows computer, you’ll be using it with Debian soon enough. 😉


I use Debian exclusively, in fact I am writing this on my laptop with it, and the website you are reading this on is using a port of Debian. Now before you get put off by the list below a couple of important facts. You no longer HAVE TO learn Morse code for the 2 meter band HAM radio to get your FCC license, but that being said you should still give it a shot. Second, a bulk of the programs here do not require you to actually have a radio to begin with, so it will cost you nothing to get started on HAM Radio. (There is even one for use with IRC on X-Chat)


Also, there are other uses for some of these programs, if you install your own satellite transmittable internet, DDS or Free-To-Air dish you can use Gnome Predict to track the positions of satellites. Gnome Predict has other uses, and you can configure, add your own data for other satellites, think big brother here, and you get my meaning.


There are several programs available to learn the ins and outs of using HAM radio on Linux, as well as useful time saving programs, all of them listed here are free under open source licenses. Take note for you Linux geeks out there, I use Debian (etch) hence the list reflects that. (Well actually I use a hybrid of Debian (etch/sarge) / Ubuntu (Hardy/Edgy) … but let’s keep it simple for the list.)


How to read this list:


Each item in this list is highlighted to provide a hyper-linked to the programs source page, immediately following the hyper-link are round brackets with a number or some other kind of code. This code is the program’s generation number for the source code, and in generation I mean in the same context as a family generation or bloodline, the higher the number, the more recent the program’s source code. Check to see if the version number I have provided is the most recent.


Most of these will work on any Debian install, sometimes however the type of computer hardware you are using effects the stability of the program, mainly because it is resource intensive, when that is a factor square brackets are used to provide details as to which systems are provided for, that means if there is a square bracket with i386, and you have a i386 processor on the computer you want to use this program on, use the correct folder (ie: /public/program/src/i386/program.v-0.0.1.tar.gz ) to get the source code. That being said, check out my comment at the bottom of the list on wajig, to make installing all these much easier. Most of these programs have some sort of dependency issue, therefore I strongly recommend using wajig to install them.


One last note on contents within the round brackets after the link, if it contains the word “beta”, do not use the program unless you are a geek. ‘Nough said.


acfax (981011-11)

Receive faxes using your radio and sound card, acfax allows you to receive faxes using your sound card. Typically you might use it to decode faxes sent over HF radio or from satellites.


aldo (0.7.3-1)

Aldo is a morse code learning tool which provides four type of training methods: blocks, koch, file, Call Sign. Blocks: Identify blocks of random characters played in morse code. Koch: Two morse characters will be played at full speed (20wpm) until you’ll be able to identify at least 90 percent of them. After that, one more character will be added, and so on. File: Identify played characters generated from a file. Call Sign: Identify random Call Signs played in morse code.


antennavis (0.3-2)

Antennavis is a visualization toolkit designed to aid the user in better understanding the data output by the NEC2 antenna modelling software.


ao40tlmview (1.03-2)

AO40tlmview decodes the binary telemetry transmitted by the AMSAT OSCAR 40 satellite. It provides an ncurses-based (i.e., text-mode) interface for browsing through the telemetry blocks.

The telemetry blocks can either be read from a file (e.g., downloaded from the AMSAT telemetry archive), or received live through a TCP or UDP connection to a demodulator.

Furthermore, it can produce simple graphs of the telemetry, either through gnuplot if running in a graphical (X11) environment, or as a crude ASCII graph when running in a text-only environment.



aprsd (1:2.2.5-13-3.1+b1 [hppa], 1:2.2.5-13-3.1 [alpha, amd64, arm, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc])

Internet Gateway for the Automatic Position Reporting System, aprsd is an internet to RF gateway (igate) for the APRS Automatic Position Reporting System. It allows hams on the Internet to send text messages to hams on RF, especially when linked to the worldwide APRServe network (


aprsdigi (2.4.4-1)

Digipeater for APRS, aprsdigi is a repeater for the Automatic Position Reporting System, APRS. It also includes aprsmon, a one-way gateway to APRS on TCP/IP.


ax25-apps (0.0.6-14.1)

AX.25 ham radio applications. This package provides specific user applications for ham radio that use AX.25 Net/ROM or ROSE network protocols:


call: a general purpose AX.25, NET/ROM and ROSE connection program.

listen: a network monitor of all AX.25 traffic heard by the system.

ax25ipd: an RFC1226 compliant daemon which provides encapsulation of AX.25 traffic over IP.

ax25mond: retransmits data received from sockets into an AX.25 monitor socket.




ax25-tools (0.0.8-11)

Tools for AX.25 interface configuration. These are HAM Radio specific tools for setting up and configuring HAM Radio ports that use AX.25 Net/ROM or ROSE network protocols.


ax25-xtools (0.0.8-11)

Tools for AX.25 interface configuration – Same as above but X11-based. These are hamradio specific tools for setting up and configuring hamradio ports that use AX.25 Net/ROM or ROSE network protocols.

This package is created separately for those who do not want to install tools that need X to run.


ax25mail-utils (0.11-3+b2 [hppa], 0.11-3+b1 [alpha, arm, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc], 0.11-3 [amd64])

HAM Radio utilities for fbb. This package provides utilities to download a message list or messages from a fbb AX.25 bbs:



axgetlist – read the message list from the BBS


axgetmail – automaticaly download messages from the F6FBB BBS


axgetmsg – download selected messages from F6FBB BBS


home_bbs – find home BBS or force a home BBS for the callsign


msgcleanup – delete the messages with their lifetime exceeded


ulistd – collect FBB BBS messages list sent via unproto frames


update_routes – update the database of BBS and callsigns





ax25spyd (0.23-7)

AX.25 traffic analyzer, dumper and spy daemon, ax25spyd is a daemon, which analyses, formats and transmit the AX.25 traffic via sockets to other processes. Statistic of heard frames and a simple DX-cluster-spy included.


baken (0.5.3-4.1)

Visualisation of European VHF/UHF and microwave beacons. The idea behind baken is to allow for the visualisation of European VHF/UHF and microwave beacons on a map of Europe. As input it takes the file produced by G3UUT the Region 1 Beacon Co-ordinator, and attempts to extract the beacon data from it.

Most of the program is simple of understand. At any given time the map shows the beacons for any one band from 50 MHz to 47 GHz. By moving the mouse to a square and clicking the left mouse button, another window opens displaying the beacons in that square in more detail, and any cities to be found lying about. By moving the mouse near to a beacon, information about the beacon is displayed in a window below the map.

There is an option to display a list of all the beacons in the current band, sorted by frequency, with their frequencies, callsigns, locators and their bearings and distances.


baycomepp (0.10-9)

Drivers for the HB9JNX packet radio epp modem. This package provides drivers for the baycom epp packet radio modem designed by HB9JNX, see


baycomusb (0.10-6)

Drivers for the HB9JNX packet radio usb modem. This package provides drivers for the baycom usb packet radio modem designed by HB9JNX, see


colrconv (0.99.3-2)

Convers client with curses color support. Colrconv is a modified version of VA3DP’s ttylink client. In addition to the basic split screen session it gives you color and sound support plus some line editing capabilities, a scroll buffer and a status line. Also the default port is changed to 3600 (convers).


colrdx (1.02-1)

DX-cluster client with curses color support. Colrdx is a simple client for amateur radio dx-clusters. In a split-screen display you can type commands for the cluster in the bottom part. Messages from the dx-cluster will appear in the main window. There is also a status line at the top with some basic information.


cw (2.3-3)

Command-line frontend to unixcw. This package contains a simple command line client called cw, which sounds characters as Morse code on the console speaker. The included cwgen binary can generate groups of random characters for Morse code practice.

Included are some examples files with embedded commands. These commands can be used to change speed, tone, spacing between characters and much more.


cwcp (2.3-3)

Ncurses frontend to unixcw. Cwcp is a curses-based interactive Morse code tutor program. It allows menu selection from a number of sending modes, and also permits character sounding options, such as the tone pitch, and sending speed, to be varied from the keyboard using a full-screen user interface.


cwdaemon (0.9.3-1)

morse daemon for the parallel or serial port. Cwdaemon is a small daemon which uses the pc parallel or serial port and a simple transistor switch to output morse code to a transmitter from a text message sent to it via the udp internet protocol.


cwirc (2.0.0-1)

X-Chat morse plugin. CWirc is a plugin for the X-Chat IRC client to transmit raw morse code over the internet using IRC servers as reflectors. The transmitted morse code can be received in near real-time by other X-Chat clients with the CWirc plugin. CWirc tries to emulate a standard amateur radio rig : it sends and receives morse over virtual channels, and it can listen to multiple senders transmitting on the same channel. Morse code is keyed locally using a straight or iambic key connected to a serial port, or using the mouse buttons, and the sound is played through the soundcard.


dgipip (0.1a-4)

AMPRNet dynamic IPIP encapsulation routing daemon. This package provides both a client and server that implement the AMPRNet dynamic gateway routing protocol devised by Barry Siegfried, K2MF, and others.

You will probably only make sensible use of this package if you are an amateur radio operator wishing to operate an encapsulating gateway.



fbb (7.04j-6)

Packet radio mailbox and utilities. The fbb package contains software written by f6fbb for setting up a packet radio mailbox. It is intended for amateur radio operators. A short overview of some of the binaries:


fbb: Script to start the daemon.

xfbbd: The daemon which listens for incoming connects.

epurmess: Delete messages based on age.

epurwp: White Pages maintenance.

reqdir: FBB server which requests directory listings.

xfbbC: B/W Ncurses console for xfbbd.




gcb (1:1.07-1)

Utility to calculate long and short path to a location. Gcb computes long and short path given the latitude and longitude (degrees and minutes). You must input the lat/long of the two stations. The output will then be relative from station1 to station2.

Gcb is used by hamradio operators as a tool for pointing the antenna in the right direction, either by using the short (daylight) propagation path or using the long path, which is almost always via the dark side of the earth.

Gcb believes the earth to be a perfect circle, which means there will be small calculation errors.


glfer (0.3.4-3)

Program for reception and transmission of QRSS/DFCW signals. Glfer is composed of two main parts: a spectrogram window, where you can see the spectrum of the received signal vs. time and transmission functions, to emit cw characters at a slow but precisely controlled speed, using the QRSS (slow CW) or DFCW (Dual Frequency CW) modes.


gmfsk (0.6+0.7pre1-2+b1 [hppa], 0.6+0.7pre1-2 [alpha, amd64, arm, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc])

MFSK, RTTY and other digital mode terminal for HF/amateur radio. gmfsk is a terminal program for amateur radio digital communication modes for GNOME. It supports MFSK, RTTY, THROB, PSK31, MT63 and Hellschreiber modulations. It is used for keyboard-to-keyboard chatting and not reliable packet communication.



gpredict (0.6.1-1)

Satellite tracking program for GNOME. Gnome Predict is a real time satellite tracking program for Gnome, based on the tracking engine of John Magliacane’s excellent satellite tracker Predict.

Gnome Predict aims to include the following features (not all are implemented yet):

* Be able to track a large number of satellites (only limited by the physical memory of the computer) * Track for several groundstations, not just one. * Show the satellite data using various visualization modules (lists, maps, sky, etc.) * Predict upcoming passes for the satellites. * Automatically update element sets when newer sets are available * Control your receiver/transmitter and antenna rotor using the hamlib libraries ( * Advanced schedule manager for unattended monitoring of satellites. * Any desirable feature that is missing from other programs (feel free to submit your ideas)



gpsk31 (0.3-1+b1 [hppa], 0.3-1 [alpha, amd64, arm, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc])

A gtk based psk31. This is a PSK31 transmission mode program using the sound card and optionally serial port to PTT the RIG. It has nice functions and listen very well.


grig (0.7.1-1)

Graphical user interface to the Ham Radio Control Libraries. Gnome RIG is a graphical user interface to the Ham Radio Control Libraries, which lets you control your communication radios and/or antenna rotators from a personal computer. Gnome RIG is written using the Gtk+ and Gnome widgets.

Gnome RIG is in a very early stage and it supports only a very little subset of the full Hamlib API, but it can be very useful in testing basic hamlib support for your rig.



hamfax (0.6.4-2+b1 [hppa], 0.6.4-2 [alpha, amd64, arm, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc])

Receive/send radio facsimile transmissions with Soundcard/PTC-II. With this package you can send or receive radio facsimile transmissions using either a Linux-supported soundcard or an SCS PTC-II data controller.

Radio facsimile transmission are used most commonly by meteorological bureaus to provide weather maps to aircraft and shipping.

HAM Radiomenus (1.0-1)

HAM Radio menus for gnome and kde. This package creates a hamradio submenu for gnome and kde along with a nice icon.


hamsoft (0.2.3-1)

Reader for new HAM Radio linux software, Hamsoft is a reader for new hamradio linux software at, the linux hamradio software database. When you select an entry in the list and click on read, the link will be opened in a mozilla window. Mozilla has to be running.


hf (0.7.3-4)

Amateur-radio protocol suite using a soundcard as a modem. hf is a soundcard digimode program which can monitor and transmit PACTOR I, AMTOR, GTOR and RTTY. It is based on hfkernel by Tom Sailer, with a gtk+ graphical interface, spectrum display, logbook and textmacros.

The package provides hfkernel, which needs to be run as root and hfterm, which communicates with hfkernel through a UNIX domain socket.

Most of this software is still beta quality, which means it can hang your computer. Be sure to join the hfterm-hackers mailing list if you use this package:

Hf does not run with every soundcard, because it uses the mmap() system call (for low latencies, needed for real time mode in Pactor and Amtor ARQ), which is not supported by some cards.



ibp (0.21-5)

Viewer for the International Beacon Project. Ibp shows which of the beacons of the International Beacon Project is transmitting now. The user is presented with a list of Beacons with the current beacon highlighted. In a separate graphical window the position and short/long path to the beacon can be seen.

The list can be viewed in either single or multiband mode, a Maidenhead locator, when used as an argument, shows distance and azimuth to each beacon.

You will need an accurate clock because the beacons transmit at 10 second intervals.



icom (20040912-1)

Software control for ICOM radios with CI-V interface. This program allows you to control many types of ICOM radio (transceivers and receivers) from the serial port on your computer. You need a CI-V interface circuit to connect the radio to the computer (to convert between RS-232 and TTL), which can be easily found on the web.


icomlib-bin (1.0.1-8+b1 [hppa], 1.0.1-8 [alpha, amd64, arm, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc])

Icom PCR-1000 command line control. Icomlib is the PCR-1000 control suite. It consists of a library, command line programs, and a Qt widget GUI application.

This software controls an ICOM PCR-1000 receiver via a serial interface.


klog (0.4.0-1)

KDE ham radio logging program. This package provides a ham radio logging program for KDE. This application supports logging for HF and VHF operations. It supports many features like QSL, DXCC, IOTA, WAZ and awards. KLog imports from TLF and produces ADIF as default file format. This application also includes a DX-Cluster client fully integrated into the main interface.


kpsk (1.0.1-4+b2 [hppa], 1.0.1-4+b1 [alpha, arm, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc], 1.0.1-4 [amd64])

PSK31 transmission mode Terminal for KDE3. This PSK31 program uses the sound card and optionally serial port to control (PTT) the transceiver. It supports up to 4 simultanous PSK31-QSO and is based on DL9RDZ signal processing routines.


libhamlib-utils (1.2.5-8)

Utilities to support the hamlib radio control library. Most recent amateur radio transceivers allow external control of their functions through a computer interface. Unfortunately, control commands are not always consistent across a manufacturer’s product line and each manufacturer’s product line differs greatly from its competitors.

This library addresses that issue by providing a standardised programming interface that applications can talk to and translating that into the appropriate commands required by the radio in use.

This package provides a command-line utility to test the hamlib library and to control transceivers if you’re short of anything more sophisticated.


linpsk (0.8.1-3+b1 [hppa], 0.8.1-3 [alpha, amd64, arm, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc])

Program for operating PSK31/RTTY modes with X GUI. linpsk is a program for operating on amateur radio digital modes. linpsk currently supports BPSK, QPSK, and RTTY modes, and it provides an X user interface. linpsk’s main features are:

–simultaneous decoding of up to four channels –different digital modes may be mixed –trigger text can be defined on each channel –each channel can be logged to a file –user-defined macros and two files for larger texts –spectrum and waterfall displays, both scalable in the frequency domain. At the Moment RTTY only supports 45 baud and 1.5 stopbits.



marote (3.0-1+b1 [hppa], 3.0-1 [alpha, amd64, arm, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc])

Rig Control Program for the Elecraft K2. This program uses a nice Qt GUI to control the Elecraft K2 amateur radio transmitter/receiver. See for a description of the K2. The serial port can be used with marote to control most of the K2’s functionality.


minimuf (3.5-1)

Program to predict high frequency propagation data. This program predicts the most likely operating frequencies and signal levels for high frequency (shortwave) radio propagation paths on specified days of the year and hours of the day. It is most useful for paths between 250 km and 6000 km, but can be used with reduced accuracy for paths shorter or longer than this.




modemp3d (0.1-7)

AO-40 (Phase3D) Soundcard Telemetry Decoder. This software allows a standard PC soundcard to be used as Amsat Oscar 40 (Phase 3D) Telemetry Decoder.

Unlike previous packet radio telemetry decoders, this new release offers several new benefits:

Open Source (Source Code available). Multiplatform builds from a single source code. Can decode from soundcard input or from a wave file. May use MMX or VIS to speed up computation. No tuning required, any center frequency between 1.2kHz and 2kHz detected. Outputs decoded frames over UDP using Phil Karn’s STP protocol


morse (2.1-2)

‘Morse Classic’ is a morse-code training program for aspiring radio hams. It can generate random tests or simulated QSOs resembling those used in the ARRL test (a QSO generator is included). There are a plethora of options to vary the training method. In one of the simpler modes, this program will take text from standard input and render it as Morse-code beeps.


mtrack (0.3-2)

Graphical satellite tracker for X11. Mtrack is a satellite tracking program for X11. The current position of the satellite is shown on a world map, and pass times for the next day or more can be generated and shown in a tabular form.


multimon (1.0-4)

Linux Radio Transmission Decoder. The multimon software can decode a variety of digital transmission modes commonly found on UHF radio. A standard PC soundcard is used to acquire the signal from a transceiver. The decoding is done completely in software. Currently, the following modes are supported:

AX.25 1200 Baud AFSK 2400 Baud AFSK (2 variants) 4800 Baud HAPN 9600 Baud FSK (G3RUH) POCSAG 512 Baud 1200 Baud 2400 Baud Miscellaneous DTMF ZVEI


An arbitrary set of the above modes may run concurrently on the same input signal (provided the CPU power is sufficient), so you do not have to know in advance which mode is used. Note however that some modes might require modifications to the radio (especially the 9600 baud FSK and the POCSAG modes) to work properly. POCSAG (Post Office Code Standards Advisory Group) is a common paging transmission format.



nec (2-11)

NEC2 Antenna Modelling System. The NEC2 (Numerical Electromagnetics Code) is software for modelling antennas using the Method of Moments. It was developed at Lawrence Livermore Laboratories, and remains widely used, despite the old fashioned punched card style input required.

This version contains code which hasn’t been extensively tested for errors, which was input by hand from a report — use with care. The numerics are currently only SINGLE PRECISION.

User’s documentation is provided in HTML format (based on OCR text so beware of potential errors).



node (0.3.2-4)

Amateur Packet Radio Node program. The node program accepts TCP/IP and packet radio network connections and presents users with an interface that allows them to make gateway connections to remote hosts using a variety of amateur radio protocols.


p10cfgd (1.0-12)

Remote configuration daemon for Gracilis Packeten. The ‘p10cfgd’ daemon provides support for the ‘rmtcfg’ command in the Gracilis Packeten amateur radio network packet switch. With this daemon, and appropriate entries in the non-volatile configuration memory of a Packeten, it is possible to have the switch load commands and information at boot time. Further, this daemon appends a command which sets the date and time in the clock on the Packeten.




phaseshift (0.40-11)

PSK31 terminal for X11. phaseshift is a PSK31 terminal for X11. PSK31 is a digital modulation scheme popular with radio amateurs on HF radio.

This program implements the PSK31 modem and a terminal to use it. It is intended for keyboard to keyboard “QSOs” (conversations), rather than file transfer.


pileup (1.2-18)

Morse code pileup trainer for SB compatible soundcards. Pileup is a morse code program which generates callsigns using a specified number of the Sound Blaster’s voices.

This simulates the sound of a CW pileup. The greater the number of voices the more difficult the program is. The idea is based on the tapes used at Amateur Radio Conventions to test people’s CW skills. However it is more random and can be made more difficult!

You have to use a Adlib or Sound Blaster compatible soundcard.


pingpong (0.02-1)

Free server for Amateur Radio convers. Pingpong is an attempt to write a convers server for Amateur Radio which is really free. Pingpong is written from scratch with the help of glib.


predict (2.2.3-1)

Satellite Tracking Program with Optional Voice Output. This is a satellite tracking program. It is probably mostly of interest to users of amateur satellites, but includes support for optionally announcing azimuth and elevation to help in manual antenna pointing, or optical observation of satellites.

The upstream predict sources include a front-end called ‘map’, which is called predict-map in the debian package.

The ‘ntp’ package is suggested because accurate satellite tracking depends on precise knowledge of ground station time and location.


predict-gsat (2.2.3-1)

Graphical Satellite Tracking Client Program. The gsat program is a graphical client for the ‘predict’ satellite tracking program running in server mode, built using gtk.

Since this program can be run on a different machine than predict, there is no dependency specified… but you need access to a copy of ‘predict’ installed somewhere on the network for this programs to be useful!


psk31lx (2.1+2.2beta1-7)

Soundcard-based ncurses program for operating PSK31. Psk31lx uses a soundcard to receive and transmit PSK31, an extremely narrow band HF-mode. PSK31 is a mode for keyboard QSO’s.


qpcr1k (1.0.1-8+b1 [hppa], 1.0.1-8 [alpha, amd64, arm, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc])

Icom PCR-1000 GUI control. icomlib is the PCR-1000 control suite. It consists of a library, command line programs, and a Qt widget GUI application.

This software controls an ICOM PCR-1000 receiver via a serial interface.


qsstv (5.3c-5+b1 [hppa], 5.3c-5 [alpha, amd64, arm, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc])

Qt-based slow-scan TV and fax. Qsstv is a program for receiving slow-scan television and fax. These are modes used by hamradio operators. Qsstv uses a soundcard to send and receive images.


sgcontrol (0.3cvs-6)

Gui to multiple communications receivers using the Hamlib library. Smart Gnome Control is a graphical user interface to multiple communications receivers via the Hamlib library. The specific purpose is to let you control your communications receiver from a personal computer, and to simplify the hobby of shortwave radio listening.

The Smart Gnome Control interface is designed to automatically reconfigure according to the known capabilities of your receiver. It is also designed to provide database-driven tuning, memory and logging capabilities, based on FineWare’s (discontinued) Smart Control series of receiver control packages for Windows.


soundmodem (0.10-1)

Sound Card Amateur Packet Radio Modems. This package contains the driver and diagnostic utility for the userspace SoundModem suite by Thomas Sailer.

This package allows you to use any soundcard supported by the kernel as an Amateur Packet Radio modem.


splat (1.1.1-2)

Analyze point-to-point terrestrial RF communication links. SPLAT! is a Surface Path Length And Terrain analysis application written for Linux and Unix workstations. SPLAT! analyzes point-to-point terrestrial RF communication links, and provides information useful to communication system designers and site engineers.


tk2 (1.1-6)

Tk GUI for the ICOM IC-R2 receiver. The current, experimental version of tk2 works with IC-R2 models which employ 10 kHz or 9 kHz spacing in the AM Broadcast Band (e.g., USA, Japanese, European, and other models). It permits expanded .005 – 1599.995 MHz frequency coverage (except cellular bands) for memory channels and can:

Read a memory image from an IC-R2 receiver or a disk file. Display data from a memory image and let a user change various settings. Add descriptive labels to memory channels and banks. Sort memory channels by frequency or label. Swap pairs of memory banks. Import memory channel data from a csv or ICF file. Export memory channel data to a csv file. Write the results back to the radio.


tk5 (0.6-1)

Experimental Software for the ICOM IC-R5 Receiver. tk5 is open source software designed for the ICOM IC-R5 receiver. The current version can:

Read a memory image from an IC-R5 receiver, an ICF file, an IC5 file, or a native tr5 file. Using a graphical interface, display data from a memory image and let a user change the limit search bank, television bank, and most other settings. Import memory channel data from a csv (comma-separated values) file. Export memory channel data to a csv file. Enable a hidden 70-channel Television bank. Write the results back to the radio.




tlf (0.9.30-1)

Console mode purpose CW keyer, logging- and contest program. Tlf is a console (ncurses) mode general purpose CW keyer, logging- and contest program for hamradio. It supports the CQWW, the WPX, the ARRL-DX, the ARRL-FD, the PACC and the EU SPRINT contests (single operator) as well as a lot more basic contests, general QSO and DXpedition mode.

It interfaces with a morse code generator, a number of radios, and with a DX Cluster. Contest operation mimics the popular TR-Log program for DOS, the output file is TR- as well as CABRILLO compatible.

The user interface was designed with over 30 years of experience in CW contesting in mind. The program was written for console mode on purpose, to make it run also on smaller machines, or remotely via a modem link.


trustedqsl (1.11-4+b1 [hppa], 1.11-4 [alpha, amd64, arm, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc])

QSL log signing for the Logbook of the World (LoTW). A QSL is a confirmation of contact between two amateur radio stations. The ARRL Logbook of the World project is a database which collects data about contacts between amateur stations (QSOs). This package provides programs for maintaining your digital certificates for LOTW and for signing QSO log files in ADIF and Cabrillo format for upload.


twclock (2.5-4)

Clock program for HAM Radio operators. This is a clock program which will displays the current time in major cities around the world.

The current time at some point on the globe is determined using the time zone information contained in the files located under the directory /usr/share/zoneinfo. A file selection box allows you to pick the area or city of interest. The clock will then display the current time for the selected location.


twlog (2.3-2)

Logging program for HAM Radio operators. This GUI program records basic Ham log information. It is for day to day logging, not contesting. There is no dup checking and contest related things like that. My keyboard is where my logbook used to be, so why not use the computer to log QSOs!

The interface can be customized without re-compiling. A resource file allows you to modify the menus for the bands, modes, etc. that you use.

Most of the log entries can be made with a button press or a single key stroke. It records the date, start and end times, call sign, band, mode, power, and signal reports. There is also a field for general notes.

A second window allows you to search and edit the log file, and a third window provides online help. The help file can also be view with any unix command or editor at any time.


twpsk (2.1+2.2beta1-7)

Soundcard-based X program for operating PSK31. Twpsk uses a soundcard to receive and transmit PSK31, an extremely narrow band HF-mode. PSK31 is a mode for keyboard QSO’s.


unixcw (2.3-3)

Shared library for Morse programs. Package needed by unixcw, cwcp and xcwcp. It contains a shared library with Morse code functions.


wsjt (5.9.6.r309-2)

Weak-signal amateur radio communications. WSJT is designed to facilitate Amateur Radio communication under extreme weak-signal conditions. Three very different coding and modulation methods are provided: one for communication by “meteor scatter” techniques on the VHF bands; one for meteor and ionospheric scatter, primarily on the 6 meter band; and one for the very challenging EME (Earth-Moon-Earth) path.


wstools (0.4.8d-2+b1 [hppa], 0.4.8d-2 [alpha, amd64, arm, i386, ia64, mips, mipsel, powerpc, s390, sparc])

Digital modes used for DX work on VHF/UHF and Microwave. This package contains 2 binaries:

FSK441 is used specifically for Meteor Scatter, usually on 2 meters its advantage is its very high data rate.

JT44 is the most effective weak signal mode for EME (moonbounce) and Troposcatter, it can typically decode data when the signal is below the noise level for most people.


wwl (1.2-1)

Calculates distance and azimuth between two Maidenhead locators. Given two Maidenhead locators, wwl calculates distance (qrb) and azimuth.


xastir (1.8.2-2)

X Amateur Station Tracking and Information Reporting. Xastir is an APRS client for X. APRS is the Automatic Position Reporting System, a system where objects report their position (usually obtained from GPS) on the air; Xastir displays this information graphically.


xcall (0.18-1)

Packet radio program for X/GTK. Xcall is a packet radio program which supports the AX.25, NET/ROM and Rose protocols.

The current features of xcall are:


Command line history.

Recording of the session into a file.

AX.25 port information read from the proc filesystem.

Changing of the receive window font and colors.

Dutch and French Language support.

Basic support for DX Clusters.


xconvers (0.8.4-1)



HAM Radio convers client for X/GTK. Xconvers is a client to connect to a convers server (port 3600).

In a split-screen session you can type text into the bottom screen. The reply from the server can be seen in the top screen.

The current version features: color support, optional saving of the session to a logfile, history for the connect dialog and the send widget and autologin.


xcwcp (2.3-3)

Qt frontend to unixcw. Xcwcp is an X-based interactive Morse code tutor program. It lets you choose from a number of options for practice, including sending random characters, random words, and characters from the keyboard. It will also receive Morse code that you send using the keyboard or mouse as a Morse keyer, and display the characters it sees.


xdx (2.2-1)

DX-cluster tcp/ip client for amateur radio. Xdx is a client to connect to a DX-cluster. Dx messages will be displayed in a list, announcements will go to a text display.

As well as the usual functions, if you have hamlib installed it can control the radio and set the frequency simply by double clicking a DX-spot (using rigctl).



xlog (1.4-1)

GTK+ Logging program for HAM Radio Operators. xlog is a logging program for amateur radio operators which can be used for dialy logging and contest. Logs are stored into a text file.

QSO’s are presented in a list. Items in the list can be added, deleted or updated. For each contact, dxcc information is displayed and bearings and distance is calculated, both short and long path.

When hamlib is enabled through the menu, you can retrieve frequency, mode and signal-strength from you rig over the serial port.


xnecview (1.34-7.2)

NEC structure and gain pattern viewer. xnecview allows a representation of a NEC (Numerical Electromagnetics Code) structure, such as an antenna which is to be modelled to be displayed on the screen. After an NEC run the gain pattern in various formats can also be superimposed. This can be rotated and translated for viewing from different angles. Plots of SWR and gain as a function of frequency can also be produced. In addition to on screen display, Postscript or PNG output can also be produced.




xsmc-calc (1.0.0-5)

Smith Chart calculator for X. xsmc-calc allows you to perform Smith Chart calculations for RF (radio frequency) circuit design.


xtlf (0.0+1.03beta-2)

Single user (single node) version of tlf. xtlf is a hamradio contest logging program with the look and feel of tlf. It uses a perl based GTK+ X-based gui.


xwota (0.4-3)

GTK client to the WOTA Database. This software is intended for amateur radio operators who want to make use of the WOTA database.

Find out who is on the air, the band and frequency they are operating on, and their location by Country, State, County, Grid, Lat/Long. See


yagiuda (1.19-3)

Software to analyse performance of Yagi-Uda antennas. You give the dimensions and positions of each element, and the program calculates gain, input impedance, front-to back ratio, beam-patterns etc. An optimisation program ‘optimise’ tries to optimise a design. The optimiser can also tell you the sensitivity of a good design, to small mechanical errors.




z8530-utils2 (3.0-1-3)

Utilities for Z8530 based HDLC cards for AX.25 (kernel 2.2.x). This package contains utilities to load, configure and modify the kernel driver for Z8530 based SCC cards.

This version is for kernels above 2.1.6.

It should at least work with the following boards and connected modems:

BayCom USCC. PA0HZP card with and without ESCC and/or external clock divider (up to 19200 baud (loopback)) and compatibles. TCM3105 modem, 4k8 modem, 9k6 DF9IC modem (loopback), HAPN 4k8 modem (connected to a SCC board, of course!).

Wow that was a long list…

A Note on Wajig:

Debian uses a system/program to install and update programs call ‘apt-get’ which isn’t completely user friendly. I would suggest that you install wajig instead. The simplest way to do so after you have created your Debian Linux box is to, believe it or not, use apt-get.

You want to use a terminal to do this, this is dis-similar to DOS command line. It can be found via your desktop menu (assuming you installed a desktop like GNOME of KDE) and you will be left with a little window and a command prompt. There are two default users on a Debian system, the root user (like admin in windows), and whatever username you choose when you created the box. You want to be root to do this.

In the command prompt type: “su”, and press enter. You will be prompted for your root password. No quotes BTW.

After your in type: “apt-get update”, and press enter. This will update your sources.list which is where you get all your programs from depending on where you claimed you were when you installed Debian.

Next type: “apt-get upgrade”, and press enter. This will update everything on your computer, not likely to do much if it is a fresh install.

And now for wajig. Type in: “apt-get install wajig”, this will … install wajig. heh.

Now concerning the list of programs above. Each link word above is in lower case lettering, that’s the important part. Some of these programs have dependencies, and options for configuration during install and you might not be all that familiar with those options or how they effect your system. Well, no more worries, just use wajig.

For example, let’s say you want to install gpredict on your system, but haven’t even installed the gnome desktop, or gdm (another program that is really cool).

Just type in: “wajig install gpredict”, and press enter. And Wham, you have everything you need, just reboot and login to your new graphical cool desktop that can track satellites. (OK, there is a lot of scrolling before the reboot).

That’s it for today folks, sorry for the really long post.

– Wolfe


Posts on Wolfe’s Blog are updated and re-posted when new information is available. Sometimes I break posts into multiple parts as they are expanded in areas such as Do-it-yourself, and How-To’s. Please check back often to see if posts have been updated or corrected. If you see an error or have an idea on how this post can be improved please leave comments below.

This post was last updated on Sunday 4 October, 2015.

Weapons Manufacturers Set Their Sites On Smart Guns

Long-range hunters put in years of practice to learn and refine their skills. It takes proper form, a comprehensive understanding of the environment and steady hands. A recently released “smart rifle” may eliminate the need for these skills and the time it takes to develop them. The TrackingPoint rifle features target-locking technology that automatically fires on a target at just the right moment. An advanced scope houses a ballistic computer that does most of the work for hunters.

TrackingPoint CEO and former marine Jason Schauble claims this technology enhances the hunting experience, especially for beginners. Hunting traditionalists, on the other end, believe the embedded computer takes the joy and skill out of hunting. This isn’t the first “smart gun” to hit the market, but the TrackingPoint rifle is the latest sign that guns and technology will continue to intertwine.

TrackingPoint Technology

On its website, this smart rifle producer poses an outlandish question: “Could you hit a moving target at 1,000 yards?” If you have a TrackingPoint rifle, the answer is yes, because of its Tag Track Xact system. The TrackingPoint rifle features a tag button for users to lock on once they have a target in your sites. The ballistic computer considers range and environmental factors and adjust the positions. The shooter then aligns the scope with the new target and fires a trigger, but the rifle probably won’t discharge. That’s because the TrackingPoint system waits until the alignment is perfect before unleashing the the bullet on its own.


Reaction to Smart Guns

With such revolutionary technology, TrackingPoint has garnered a range of opinions from hunters and anti-gun advocates alike. With unfamiliar technology, safety is an obvious concern. How would a relatively new hunter who cut his teeth at a local Wisconsin hunter safety course fare with this new equipment? Gun-safety advocates wonder what the consequences would be if this technology fell into the wrong hands, but the National Shooting Sports foundation voiced its opposition to any government regulation on smart guns. “What the industry does oppose are ill-conceived mandates … on the use of this conceptual technology,” NSSF Vice President and General Counsel Larry Keane wrote on the group’s website.

Others oppose TrackingPoint because they prefer the element of human error in hunting. A TrackingPoint rifle package starts at $22,000, significantly higher than most guns. “It’s a very expensive piece of machinery, and very heavy,” American Conservative Union board member Jameson Campaigne told

This technology could pique the interest of the U.S. military, who used snipers to shift the tide in Afghanistan in 2011. Smart rifles would offer more precision with less training, and soldiers could camp out further away in combat.

Other Smart Guns

TrackingPoint isn’t the only weapons manufacturer using technology to enhance its products. TriggerSmart produces tracking technology that locks weapons unless the owner, who wears a ring or brace, is holding it. Similar to James Bond’s weapon in “Skyfall,” these guns won’t work for anyone other than the owner. That will appeal to parents who worry that their children could stumble upon a weapon.

John Hopkins


Posts on Wolfe’s Blog are updated and re-posted when new information is available. Sometimes I break posts into multiple parts as they are expanded in areas such as Do-it-yourself, and How-To’s. Please check back often to see if posts have been updated or corrected. If you see an error or have an idea on how this post can be improved please leave comments below.

This post was last updated on Monday 10 August, 2015.

A Rant You Ve Been Warned

(NOTE: There was no general Post last week, not because I didn’t learn anything, it’s just that it was the start of a week from hell.)

OK, I’m not even sure where to begin. Nothing really big happened over the course of the last two weeks, but a lot of little ones did. Well, maybe more then a lot. It was as if Murphy Law decided that it was behind in my life, and wanted to catch up.

There is also one other thing that has been bugging me, and it is hard for me to put into words because I do not want to sound like a total nit. It comes in two parts.

The first part is that some people think that the posts on Survival Times, and the links that appear on my Face book to it, as well as other social networks are written by me. Their not. Most of the posts that appear on Survival Times are written by members of the American Prepper’s Network, if the people of that network were a group that liked dogs, all the posts would be about dogs, puppies, and breeds of dogs. They would post content up about Vet bills, brands of dog food, and how to give your dog a hair cut. But the American Prepper’s Network, and all the other sites that the RSS feed reader known as Survival Times, is not about dogs, it about being prepared for disasters, emergencies, and doing things yourself. All the authors are also into other things, but their blogs are about being prepper’s or survivalists. Some of them are into dogs, fishing, hunting, trucking, arts and crafts, and just about everything else you can imagine. Those other interests just prove that they are all well balanced people, they just write about one narrow topic, like myself.

The other thing a lot of the authors on Survival Times have in common is a belief that politics matter, and many of them, but not all, are also libertarians. Perhaps I should narrow the label to classical libertarians who also believe in private property rights, and privacy rights, with a strong leaning towards being anti-gun control. If they were of the belief that apples were the ideal food, they would likely mention it every few posts, encouraging others to eat an apple a day to keep the doctor away, it’s the same thing with their, and mine, political view. We want to keep an illness away that we call socialism from this planet we care about, we want to support a political ideology that we believe will benefit all equally. So yes, we write about it.

This doesn’t mean that we are a collection of survival nut jobs, it means that this is our passion. Like I already stated, if our passion was about apples or dogs no one would think twice about it. But mention that we believe you should prepare to take care of yourself in a disaster, that you should be able to defend yourself, that you should know how to take of yourself, and suddenly you’ve crossed the line.

Which brings me to the second part. Where the hell did common sense go?

Why is it that we never seem to learn from history. That sometimes something may look like a good idea on paper, but in reality it becomes a death trap. Take communism for example. There are those that believe that after reading Marx and Lenin, that classless, stateless society, and common-ownership are good ideas. But in reality it doesn’t work. Being classless means there is no where to go to improve your lot in life. Having a stateless society means there is no law and order, I’m not interested in constantly watching my back, anarchy sucks folks. Common ownership means that no individual owns anything. Do people even really think about this? Before those of you who still think that communism is a good idea, and that the only reason it hasn’t worked so far is because it hasn’t been done right, let me state this. Communism only works if all the people are willing to work for each other and give to each other selflessly. Common sense tells us this is impossible.

Socialism is the same path as communism. A rose by any other name is still a rose. The ideals, politics are exactly the same. To state that this is not true is to ignore history, and to intentionally be ignorant of double talk. Common Sense tells us that full blown Socialism is exactly the same as the Tyrant Communist Police State. History tells us that this system is deadly, ask any Jew.

If Communism, and Socialism are classless, stateless societies, with so called common-ownership, then this system also has another name. It’s called the New World Order.

I do not believe that there is some secret organization bent of world domination via a system called the New World Order. First off, it’s not a secret in the smallest sense. Second off, it is more dangerous then an organization, it’s an idea. Worse, it’s camouflage for an anti-sovereignty ideology.

Some people also believe that Capitalism is evil. They often use Sam Walton’s family as an example, because they have so much wealth, it is greater then some countries GDP, and that the store that family controls (39% of the voting shares), is also evil because it is involved in the destruction of the environment, and the labor it is built on is close to slavery.

First, I am no fan of Walmart. But do not come bitching to me about it, I do not shop there, and I am in the middle of learning to make the things I want and need for myself. If you are to lazy to do so yourself, go cry on your mom’s shoulder, I do not have time for you. People reap what they sow. If the autoworkers of North America are screaming because the business is dying, and their own families own foreign imports, they have no one to blame but themselves. If a community has lost it’s gross tax base, and still has a Walmart within city by-laws, you elected the morons, you can deal with the consequences.

Although I am no fan of the Store Walmart, I have a lot of respect for a farmer’s kid from Oklahoma who grew up during the great depression. Sam Walton, whose only purpose in life was to support his family, deserves the greatest respect. Do not tell me it is not fair that his family is wealthy while others are poor, that family proves that Capitalism works, and if you think that National Socialism works you don’t know my own family history, and the odds are, you don’t know your own.

Finally, at the end this rather long Monday Rant, I have one more.

Recently, within the skeptic community, have been some posts about the fall of the Christian Church. Currently the number of people in North America that believe in traditional Christian spiritual beliefs, such as Jesus Christ is the only son of God, the belief in a Creator God, that salvation from eternal hell can only be a gift from God as a result of accepting Jesus as your personal Lord and savior is the only way to heaven, etc, etc, has fallen to an all time low.

Since I am not a Christian you would think that this would not bother me. But it does.

Christianity is more then a belief in God. Although it’s has many black marks, and there are Born-Again Christians that really piss me off, there is a few things about Christianity that can not be allowed to die.

I do not believe that The United States of America was founded on Christianity, but I do believe that The United States of America, and likely all of the Western Civilization was built on traditional christian values and beliefs. There is a difference, a classic example would be the biography of Thomas Jefferson.

It is those traditional family values, that sense of community, of fellowship, and of belonging, it’s common sense, and sense of purpose that can not be allowed to die. It comes from the culture of the christian church, and it is likely that those beliefs influenced the church rather then other way around.

This beliefs, and many connected with them such as the work ethic, are what made our civilization the most advanced, most secure, the most liberty based. Without them we are nothing. With out the structure of the Christian Church we run the danger of other cultures invading our lifestyle, our way of life, and our quality of life. We need to get back to our roots.

We need to stop handing out divorce settlements like candy, married couples need to remember that the institution of marriage is based on belief that it is for life. We need the family to understand and believe that it is the cornerstone of our great nations, and without it, we all fail. We need to stop reinventing the wheel, no other shape will work. We need to understand that work means blood, tears, and sweat. That production means to actually produce something, not sit on your ass.

Lesson Learned: A tree without strong roots, dies. We are no different.


Secret Messages And Secure Communications Part 3

All About Being On line:

computer, laptop, technology
Free-Photos (CC0), Pixabay

Welcome to the world wide web. Within this realm of virtual space you can buy anything, sell services and objects of desire. You can pay your bills, while working for a company half way around the world, without even getting out of bed. The Internet provides you with entertainment, information, education and even help you find the love of your life. And it can ruin your life.

All you need for this modern marvel is a few wires, a power source, some basic equipment, and access.

Your Operating System:

There are four main operating systems on the internet. The most likely one you are using right now to read this is made by Microsoft. The other most likely one you could be using is made by Macintosh, and finally some of you have the most secure one for free, it’s called Linux. There is also another which is very close to Linux, it’s called Unix, and the service provider you use to get on the internet is likely using it.

Now it turns out that you can have two operating systems on the same computer. The people that make a version of Linux called Ubuntu also make what is called a port, called Wubi. Which is a Windows based program. The reason I am plugging Wubi is because a lot of the Linux based programs are security related, and they are free. (Including the OS)

Your ISP:

The only way to get on the internet is through an Internet Service Provider. Which one you pick is as important as what you do on the internet itself. What you need is not to have any ports blocked, if your ISP blocks ports, you are restricted to accessing, or using some features of the internet. The other thing to look for when trying to find an ISP, is their Terms of Service Agreement, and Privacy Policy. You must absolutely read these before you agree to the service. As I am writing this Rob Nicholson, P.C., Q.C., M.P. for Niagara Falls, Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, together with the Honourable Peter Van Loan, P.C., Q.C., M.P. for York-Simcoe, Minister of Public Safety, and Mr. Daniel Petit, M.P. for Charlesbourg-Haute-Saint-Charles, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Justice today introduced in the House of Commons two separate pieces of legislation that will allow law enforcement access to everything you do online in Canada [source]. The UK, the USA, already have similar statutes in place for the same thing. Basically, they are demanding that ISP’s record, and provide means to log, monitor, and report everything you do online, everything. This is why it is essential that you have access to all ports, without them you may not be able to protect yourself from invasion of privacy, which I will get to later.

One other side note. If you have to option between choosing an ISP which provides access to USENET service, and they also allow access to the entire ALT hierarchy, take that service over others. I’ll explain why as well in a bit.

Wifi Hot Spots:

Now, I’m sure that by now you are making plans to get out of the city, if you haven’t done so already. Many survivalists/preppers have decided that bugging out at the 11th hour is not an option. Just because you are in the country and off the beaten path, does not mean there are no wifi hot spots around. Most truck stops across North America also have wifi, so you should be able to connect to the internet from here, as well as most hotels. Sometimes you have to pay a small fee for these, but most of the time you can find access, anonymously, that will allow you to send and receive data. There are a lot of open wifi links out there, used often by truckers to access the internet, but moving your truck around even a parking lot to find the best signal can be a real pain. I strongly recommend that you put the investment into a wifi detector.

Ham Radio Access:

Survivalists and Preppers alike prefer to do things themselves, this includes their communication needs, a short wave radio receiver is essential to getting world wide news and information. Beyond the receiving end of things with radio, is the ability to send information, and mere voice isn’t always enough. Enter in packet radio. Packet radio transmissions are a process in which signals are sent representing the entire ASCII code, this code is translated into radio and back into ASCii code using a device called a terminal node controller. The TNC enables the Ham Radio operator to use the radio waves as an open line to the world for their computer by converting the tones into packets of information that a modem can understand. This provides the Ham Radio operator the ability to connect his computer and use it for for electronic mail, message transmission, emergency communications, and linking incoming transmittance to the internet.

Ham Radio Gateways to the internet can also be connected to open satellite communications, providing access to the internet for radio operators worldwide.

This post was last updated on: January 12 2015 16:53:48

Double Entendre

When he cut his heir, it wasn’t very happy with him, but that was the way things should be. When he handed out his tie-dyed t-shirts, they complained for hours, until the rainbow gathering they ended up at. All was oil welled in the world, and even his hide coat been given up when he had children, and the child support society took it away to give to some one else.

With his house secured by a white picket fence, the two car garage filled with hoarded collateral sales, as well as other odds and ends. He went about Menagerie, the city in which he lived in the Subordi Nation, in search of the meaning of coffee.

Ovis was a proud to be a practical man who did not get involved in such matters politics, rights, and did not bother with such archaic matter such as church. Life was good, why change it was the slogan.

Threw out his life, he had learned to accept things as they were. It did not matter to him that he was not allowed to have certain panoplies. The police would protect him, after all what else could `to server, and protect` mean? He paid his taxes like a good citizen, and knew the money was well spent on things like highways, and hospitals. There were even government officials to make sure the government did not steal from the people.

He voted in every election, paid real close attention to the information in the flock computing network to figure out which of the two candidates he should vote for, and always knew he made the right choice. His retirement was a promise that the all-out corporation he was employed as a bond servant, and they would fight for it.

And then he died, while in a railroad yard. It had been a good life term, not filled with to much hardship.

His children were captivated with the inheritance of a huge golden albatross, with abashments, worth millions.

The End.

– Wolfe

Last note: You may want to read this post agaiin, synonym use was intentional, latin words to be taken litterally etc. Don’t you just love it when I insert secret messages and not tell you?

Diy Horse Supplies

It’s been a few years since I have actually ridden a horse, but I still remember what a chestnut is on a saddle, and hoof pick. But I must admit that buying a horse and taking proper care of one is beyond me at this time, so it is time to study and get some more practical knowledge about it.

One of the things I love about the preppers network is all the stuff you can learn, even in the chat. Catman last night started a conversation around horses that you wish you had been there for, all kinds of practical knowledge was passed around. One of the main things that was talked about was the habits that horses can pick up including cribbing, and Hossboss promised to post about it today on her blog, which she did here.

I also promised to include a recipe for making your own salt blocks, and found not only that one but two others that are useful as well, so I am including them here as well.

Preppers who live the Eastern United States, and a few places in England have an advantage and something else they can stock up on for barter swapping. I am a ceramic nut, and tend to notice things that even loosely related to it. The Ball Clay that can be found in the Eastern part of North America is perfect for making Salt Blocks for horses and cattle. All you need to add to is an equal amount of Coarse Salt (aka: kosher salt). Mix the two with water so that it becomes a cake like consistency and let it dry in wooden mold boxes. It takes about three days to dry. The only caution I would mention is the source of clay should be known to be free of lead, you can get it tested at any college that has a good fine arts program.

Some horses can end up with cracked hoofs, this usually only happens in really dry climates, but there can be other causes. Hoof sealers can cost up to $75 for 2 litres! Definitely something that ever Prepper with a horse should be able to make from scratch! You need a double boiler for this. Take one cup of Mineral Oil, one cup of Petrolatum, and one cup of Paraffin wax. Heat everything together and mix till mixed well, then put into old soup cans for storage. You will need a clean old paint brush to use it, just cut the bristles down to stiffen it up.

Now tell me, besides getting the horses to help out plowing the fields when Peak Oil finally comes, what is the point of having a nice horse unless you plan on doing some riding too? And every cowboy needs a saddle right? I love real leather goods, and taking care of them is important not only for comfort but to save a buck as well. I always have mink oil around the house somewhere for protecting our leather goods from drying out, but that can be something that can be hard to come buy, and the costs for real mink oil is increasing, a good Prepper always follows the rules of three. Back up, Back up, Back up. So how about making saddle soap! You need real soap powder about three quarters of a cup, not a detergent, brand names usually say ‘Hudson dry soap’ somewhere on the label. You also need about a quarter cup of Neatsfoot Oil. Neatsfoot oil is a yellow oil rendered and purified from the shin bones and feet (but not the hooves) of cattle, something else you can also make. Finally you need half a cup of beeswax. Heat the soap powder and three and half cups of water together slowly until it is all dissolved. In a double boiler separately heat the neatsfoot oil and beeswax until it can be mixed evenly. Slowly add the neatsfoot mix to the water solution, stirring while you do it. When it thickens pour everything into molds and let cool to room temperature. Now you have saddle soap.

– Wolfe

Wolfe’s Self Efficiency Index 2015

Topics Economics Inflation

I did a self efficiency index back in 2008 1 , and haven’t done one since. I figure this year is a year of big changes, so I wanted to update this to the information I have available for 2014, and see the differences by this years end (2015).

This whole index takes the cost of one silver troy bar as a base. In 2008 the cost of a silver troy bar was $13.20 (CND) and today it is trading at $20.53(CDN), that means that the average real inflation between 2008 when I did the first index and today has been about 155.5% (about 22% per year).

In the original article I used several different indexes as a guide, and several factors that would effect my final result. The first set of factors can be figured out easy, they are the standard utility bills we all get, electricity, gas, and water. Currently, they are $120, $75, and $0 (water is free here still). Food is the other common factor, here that cost has jumped through the roof since 2008. In 2008, about half our annual income was spent on food and groceries, today that average is close to 60% of our income. My income hasn’t really changed all that much, I lost some sources of income and gain in other areas, which ended up working out a little bit ahead by the numbers, but not by much. The number in my household turned out to be the same, even thou the people themselves changed.

Electricity usage in 2008 was about 1100 kW.h, of electricity per month, by the end of 2014 we were using 2242 kW.h, of electricity per month. (we moved). Gas was an average of 1.2 GJ per month in 2008, now it’s about 5.3 GJ per month. Rent is the same at $850, but I know that property tax for this place is over $10,000 a year. (The new landlord is really cool and has given us a break on the rent, this house is WAY better then the old one). The changes are all against me for becoming more self-efficient.

In fact there are somethings I did wrong with the original index, and it becomes apparent when looking at the changes. We use gas to heat the house and create hot water, in both the old house and the new house. Both the water heater and the furnace also use electricity, but for the moment let’s assume they don’t. What this means is that not only am I currently and before in 2008 at 0% efficiency for heat/hot water, but in fact have become even less, today I am 441.6% less efficient then I was at 0% in 2008. So my way of working out if am getting closer to providing for my own heat doesn’t take into account the original base line of usage. To make this even more complex, it occurred to me what if I use wood for heat, but don’t grow the trees? What if I buy cords of firewood? How do I figure it out then?

I think I need to reset my train of thought on this idea.

What I want to know is, how do I compare now with others, including my future self. How effective is one method of providing for yourself, compared to others, is location a factor, is climate, lifestyle, and other things effecting the way we are self-efficient?

We all need food, clothing and shelter. Those are the first three factors we should index. I should also add as a main index ‘water’. It is something that I really don’t spend to much time thinking about because the area in which I live has an abundance of it. Are there any other main points to include in the index? What about education and entertainment? What about health? In today’s internet era, being cordless should be a factor, so should homeschooling. Then there are other factors which might effect the way we even look at the main ones. Transportation effects how we get ‘stuff’ including food, or the ‘stuff’ we need to grow our own food, even if it is delivered instead of getting it ourselves.

There is also one other factor that I completely forgot about in the 2008 index, and it’s the reason I based everything off of silver troy bars to begin with. That’s an index of Time. If it takes 100% of your time to grow your own food, your not really being 100% efficient. Time in this case doesn’t seem to be so apparent when looking at the final result, Time is converted as basic general labour to silver, so it’s there, but not as easy to notice.

There is one last thing I decided on to add to the index, that’s a marker of retirement/savings, which could include preps and supplies for emergency use in a disaster. The reason behind this one was simple, if you are depending on the government to provide you with a retirement income, your not being self-efficient in the future, so you need to invest in it now.

So for the new updated index, I’ll include the following factors:

  • Food

  • Water

  • Shelter

  • Clothing

  • Transportation

  • Healthcare

  • Education/Entertainment

  • Retirement/Savings

  • Time


Food can be broken down into smaller bits, or food groups, for this I’ll use Canada’s Food Guide 2 like I did before but try to make it more clear. If like me, in 2008 you really didn’t grow or raise any of your own food your score is less then zero. To figure this out just take the total cost and divide it by 13.2 (Canadian dollars) for the full year.

If on the other hand, you did raise /grow some of your own food you can use these charts 3 :







14-18 Years

19-50 Years

51+ Years

Girls and Boys







Vegetables and Fruit










Grain Products










Milk and Alternatives










Meat and Alternatives










Vegetables and Fruit

(10) 43.4%

Grain Products

(8) 34.7%

Milk and Alternatives

(2) 8%

Meat and Alternatives

(3) 13%


(23) 100.00%

Now a little math, you first have to know what the food is worth in terms of silver troy ounces. If your just buying it the grocery store this is easy to figure out as you just convert to the cost of spot silver. Similarly, you have to convert the produce of your garden to cost, the easiest way to do this is to figure out how many pounds of food you produced and the cost of it at the local market. (NOTE TO FARMERS: I would suggest that you don’t use gate prices for this, I know that it would be way easier for you to do it this way, and if you only plan to compare yourself to yourself last year, go ahead. But if you want to compare to someone else such as your cousin in another state, I would use retail prices).

If you want to be even more accurate, use the percentage in the charts above, because the cost of milk per pound isn’t going to be the same as the cost of vegetables per pound.

In 2008 I spent about 1023 ounces of silver on food.


Water needs to be broken down into at least two sub-factors, mainly because it can come in two main purposes; drinking/cooking water, and everything else. But water is water, and no matter what you use it for, it still costs. The question is whether or not you provide for yourself. The simple way is actual dollar cost. This can include the cost of water bottles, utilities, or the rain collection system you purchase. All I’ve done here is convert the dollar amount for any factor into silver. You have to decide how you would place those costs in the chart, and keep note on it for future reference. For example if you spend $1000 on water utilities and another $1000 on a well, I think the well costs should be put into Retirement and Savings factor. If you are on city water, most would assume that your 0% self-efficient, however when I was figuring this out for myself I noticed that it isn’t true all the time. The lower mainland is so abundant in water (it’s a rainforest area folks) that I counted the cost of water as zero, since that is exactly what it costs me. Even in summer if I used up all my preps for water, I could just put a bucket outside for it, yeah it rains here that much. For those that have to figure this out just look at shelter below.


If you rent, your landlord is responsible for the repairs on the roof etc… if you own, the maintenance is your problem. Providing for your own shelter is what we are trying to figure out here. If you are on welfare, you are 0% efficient on shelter. But if your working and own your own home are you 100%? Not if you hire someone else to repair it. And if you repair it yourself, what about the supplies needed for those repairs? I need to come up with a simple way to figure this out, because there are also the whole utility factor to consider.

If my utilities were included in both houses, @ $850 I would figure the score out for 2008 and 2015 as follows…

2008: ($850 *12) / 13.2 (772.72)

2015: ($850 *12) / 20.53 (496.83)

Now you might be thinking, wait a minute, both years were the same rent so they should cost the same amount in points. That’s not exactly what we are doing here. We need a universal way to compare against each other, or our future selves. Instead of paying rent in 2008 I could have saved 772 silver troy bars that could have been spent in 2015 on rent, and it would have gone a lot further now then it did then, that’s the factor in ‘Time’ coming into effect. Just keep that in mind as I continue. As sorta proof this works, in 2008 about 50% of my income was spent on food which worked out to about 1023 points, in 2014 it was closer to 60% and the income was higher which is why you would expect it to cost me more points, but instead it was only 905. That’s because the buying power of a silver troy bar is greater today then it was in 2008. All this is adjusted by the bonus points being generated at minimum wage to silver. (I make this more clear at the end)

Shelter: 2008 Rent+Utilities: $12540 / 13.2 (950) per year

Note: I didn’t keep good records of the cost of gas and hydro, so I went with today’s usage since the family size and square footage is about the same.

Shelter: 2015 Rent+Utilities: $12540 / 20.53 (610.81) per year


This factor seems to be a no-brainier, and it is likely that everyone here scores bad. We all buy clothes, not make them ourselves. It would seem that just removing this factor from the list would be the simple solution, but it would also be interesting to know how we compare to others. Maybe you knit your own sweaters, or buy only used clothing, that should be a point or two in your favour. The reverse logic also works too, if you make your own sweaters, and could have earned enough in silver to buy 10 times the number of sweaters you made in the same amount time, you weren’t really being efficient. Some would argue that being self-efficient and efficiency may not be the same thing. I disagree to a point. Know how to knit a sweater, and maybe actually doing it so you get the practical knowledge and skill instead of just head knowledge is important, and I would mark that down in retirement/savings rather then clothing.

But being self-efficient doesn’t mean doing everything from scratch, it means providing for yourself. Doing that with the most gain is the point, a lawyer who hire out all the things here or buys them can be way more self-efficient then someone doing it themselves because they have the dollars/silver to do so. Hopefully that same lawyer realizes that if the dollar collapses he’d better know how to everything himself as well. The other point to consider is buying used clothes at the thrift store. It seems to me that this is better then buying new most of the time, although I can see how sometimes it isn’t. Different people will come to different conclusions for different reasons. I again think the best way to resolve this is just follow the money.


If you walk everywhere instead of using public transport or your own car, your almost 100% efficient in this area. Groceries get delivered to the store so you loose points on that. I think transportation is the best way to look at self-efficiency. No one can score 100%, in fact if you manage to score100% in anything in this index, your doing it wrong. Fuel for cars per year knock off any gains you get in almost anything you do for yourself, even if you are your own mechanic. Creating your own fuel in wood-gas, or using reclaimed veggy oil gives you that back. I was trying to think if the cost a car you buy should be included in the year you buy it, or spread out over the life of the car. To make things simple I would suggest to include it in the year of purchase.


The reason this is last is because it messes up everything else. If your making $100 an hour, taking one hour to fetch water from the well is not very efficient then buying bottled water.

This is also the reason for the base being a silver troy bar. You could use something that fluctuates even less on the spur of the moment such as the cost of zinc, but I find for this purpose silver is easier to figure out. But Time in this system is also the base for everything else combined with silver. There are about 250 working/business days a year, and about 8 hours per day for paid labour. If we use a silver troy ounce as equal to one or two hours of basic general labour we have a measure to compare to everyone else.

If I used the cost of a silver troy bar on August 12, 1971 the day before the Nixon shock and the end of the gold standard it won’t really help this index because it’s about being self-efficient and using silver troy ounces as a base, so the real thought here is how long would it take to get one silver troy ounce in 2008 or 2015 for a person working general labour, or minimum wage so we can compare ourselves to each other. This is a good measure since minimum wage in Washington DC is different than in Toronto or Vancouver, but a silver troy ounce is still a silver troy ounce.

In 2008 the minimum wage for workers was $8/hr, that works out to about $16,000 a year using the 250 working days, and 8 hours a day. Converted to our point system here, $16k/$13.20 is about 1212.12 silver troy bars worth of income that year (I made 2045.45 that year so I was doing better then the average bear). Since everyone who reads this survived that year, you get 1212.12 points for that year on top of what ever else you made (Assuming you were in BC). I give these points so that those who made no income, but grew their own food get points for it etc, this also work for figuring out if your general labour for yourself is better then hiring someone else to do deal with the garden for you. The other advantage to this way of doing it is that if you are trying to figure out if moving to Idaho is a better a plan, you take the minimum wage, and how much you expect to make there per year as your base against how many ounces of silver you could have at today’s prices and compare that to your final scores in both scenarios.

Just for the sake of comparison, the minimum wage in British Columbia (2015), is $10.50/hr or about $21,000 a year in income, at $20.53 an ounce, that’s 1022.89 points for 2015.


Obamacare and Canada’s Provincial social healthcare systems are not the same. They aren’t even the same between provinces in Canada, neither are they identical between states south of the border. My wife and I looked into how much it would cost us for healthcare coverage from Obama’s great plan (tongue in cheek), if we moved to Idaho or Montana (Search for James W, Rawlers’ American ReDoubt), and were shocked to find out our bill would be over $10,000 a year.

We used to be Caravanners (Full-Time Working Travellers) and our Healthcare back in the 90’s was about $4,000 a year, and covered a lot more then Obama’s Universal Mess Up.

But even if you get free healthcare there ae other thing likely that it does not cover, anything you buy for health, painkillers, medical aids, testing strips for blood meters etc. I added up here.


Since retirement and savings are used at a later date the only difference here is that instead of marking it down as points used against your total at the end, this should be added so that you use the points later as part of your income. Preppers can use this automatically since and costs in silver used to increase your preps can be marked down here, you’ll use them later when rotating and it will make up for the difference. (For Rawlians I’d add your term life insurance here too).

Calculating the Score:

This is the simple math part of all this. All I did from here was add up all the points used and figured out what percentage I had left from the total. For example in 2008 I had a total of 3257.57 points (one point equals one silver troy) and had used 1995 points over the year. That’s about 61.24% leaving me with a score of 37.76% self-efficiency.

The factors by the numbers:

2008 annual point spread = $27,000 / 13.2 = 2045.45

2015 annual points spread = $32,000 / 20.53 = 1558.69 (Based on 2014)

2008 Index Updated:

  • Index Score: 37.76%

  • Income: $27,000

  • Silver Troy Ounce Cost: $13.20

  • Minimum Wage: $8 (BC, Canada)

  • Base Points:

    • income: 2045.45

    • bonus: 1212.12 (minimum wage converted at 250 days / 8 hrs a day)

    • total: 3257.57

Index Item:

Points Used:

















2015 Index (February):

  • Index Score: 42.13%

  • Income: (2014) $31,000

  • Silver Troy Ounce Cost: $20.53

  • Minimum wage: $10.50 (BC, Canada)

  • Base Points:

    • income: 1509.98

    • bonus: 1022.89 (minimum wage converted at 250 days / 8 hrs a day)

    • total: 2532.87

Index Item:

Points Used:















Total :



At first I thought my thinking was completely screwed in coming to the conclusion that I had increased my self-efficiency by 4.37% since 2008. Mainly because our cost of food had gone up, our utilities had gone up, and our income had not increased all that much. But after spending some time thinking about it I figured this was pretty accurate. It isn’t a lot that is for sure, and we have actually become a little more self-efficient since then in areas that are hard to put into numbers, but over a year or two it does add up. What is going to be the real test for this system is what happens by the end of 2015, since I intend to make huge strides in becoming more self-reliant.

Added Note: You’ll notice that I ended up not including Entertainment and Education, I don’t have any records for this, so I’ll include them in the update at years end.

– wolfe

Last Updated: Feb, 23 2015

Secret Messages And Secure Communications Part 2

Yet another passport:

passport, united states, documentation
PublicDomainPictures (CC0), Pixabay

Your name itself isn’t enough to identify you, if your name happens to be John Smith there are 50,628 other people in the United States alone with that same name.

You real identity is a combination of the name you were given at birth by your parents, the place where you were born, your family tree, your citizenship, and where your permanent residence is. You can not change your family tree, the name your parents gave you ( given name ), or where you were born, and that makes that information more valuable then anything else about you. Never give away your family tree information, or where you were born, it can be used to steal your identity. You can however add too, or change out right everything else, even your name.

First, I would like to talk about citizenship . Citizenship comes with benefits, and disadvantages. Some of the benefits of Citizenship include opportunities for business, employment, and can carry with it certain rights that you can not get as the result of citizenship somewhere else like voting. Some of the disadvantages are being drafted into a war you don’t agree with, or paying high taxes. It’s the disadvantages and advantages combined that people consider if they should get a second citizenship, including the types of passports that are available to citizens. (IMPORTANT NOTE: Illegal immigrants are NOT exempt from the draft !)

Having a second citizenship might mean you have access to a passport, and there are many reasons to have a second passport. The first and most important reason is to help you avoid problems being identified with a country in conflict with a group of people. This means equally avoid being seen as a target of terrorists, or being labeled one yourself. A second passport should be part of every survivalists BOB .

There are what are known as camouflaged passports , their intend purpose is to avoid being kidnapped for more then any other reason. IMHO they are completely useless, although I have heard that they have been used in connection to a pen name to rent a P.O. Box successfully.

To get a second real passport there are many ways . The first most important, and easiest is that you might already have a second citizenship without knowing it. It is sometimes called the grandfather clause , but legally the label that makes you a citizen without you knowing is called ‘citizen by naturalization’. Many European countries have this on the books, and by proving you are a direct descendant from a citizen is usually all it takes to get your passport. You will need to get a certified copy of your birth certificate, and related documents to your family tree. Proof of identity will also be required, a criminal record check might also be required to ensure that you are not getting the passport to avoid prosecution.

Postal Services:

There are many ways to get snail mail , and it does not have to be in your resident country. Mail forwarding is the most common, but can get expensiveness. My strongest suggestion is to pick a service that is located in a country with strong privacy laws, countries that are known as ‘ tax havens ‘ are your best bet along these lines. But take note, laws in offshore countries that protect a persons banking, and business information, do not necessarily include privacy issues with postal services. Normally such strong privacy laws cross over to postal services, but to be sure to check with a lawyer familiar with the jurisdiction.

There are also options for travelers that are commonly used that you might consider on a short term basis while you set up your pen name to protect your identity. Th first one is the main post office near you itself. Deliveries can be made “ Poste Restante ” or “ General Deliveries ”, there is sometimes a small fee associated with this method, and you will need your certified ‘letter of identification’ from a ‘notary’ and photo identification. Note the standard practice to help protect your identity in Canada is to use the actual mailing address of the Post Office in question rather then it’s Postal Box service address. Persons who rent P.O. Boxes also can include the names of authorized persons that are allowed to receive mail at that unit’s address, this can of course include your pen name, or alternatively your real name, the name of your spouse, or even sometimes anyone with the same last name as yourself (such as all your children).

For example, if John Smith had a rented P.O. Box in Vancouver’s main post office the normal mail address would be like this:

John Smith
P.O. Box #1234
Station “A”,
Vancouver, BC
V6B 3Z7

However, if he was trying to avoid letting others know that it was a P.O. Box he could address it like this, and it would still show up in his rented box:

John Smith
1234-349 West Georgia Street
Vancouver, British Columbia
V6B 3Z7

And if for example John Smith was receiving mail at the same building as the above in downtown Vancouver care of the Postmaster the mailing address would look like this.

General Delivery
c/o The Postmaster
349 West Georgia Street
Vancouver, British Columbia
V6B 3Z7

Using Cell Phones:

There are basically two types of cell phone services, those that require a contract, and ‘ pay as you go ‘. In my option pay as you go is the better service, and the main reason has to do with privacy. With pay as go cell phones, you can prepay for all services, the phones themselves have to purchased in full in advance. For this reason, no identification papers are required for the purchase as you can buy these as a gift for your children, or friends. The activation cards, or chips can be also purchased separately and can be used on any phone from the same pay as you go service. There is no problem upon hooking up a service with your pay as go cell phone with using your pen name, and your P.O. Box.

At this point of these posts, you should have a registered pen name, a mailing address and a phone. The total cost of these items depends on where you set these up, and what services you have subscribed to.

This post was last updated on: January 12 2015 16:53:47

Secret Messages And Secure Communications Part 1

This post grew on me, so I have broken it up into parts. – Wolfe

TeroVesalainen (CC0), Pixabay

No one can stand alone. I know there is a common mind set amongst survivalists that we are a hardy set of individuals, but you can not keep watch twenty four hours a day on your own. Even if all you are relying on are close family members, there are security issues that you should consider.

I have a poll up on my blog here as to which ‘how to guide’ I should write first, and so far lock picking has reached the top. However, I felt that the importance of encryption, and security culture are somethings not completely understood.

I think part of the reason that Survivalists and Preppers alike fail to realize how important secure communications are is that they some how associate these methods with underground groups that are bent of the destruction of the ‘American’ way of life, or Western Civilization… The truth is, they are right. It’s not so much a conspiracy theory of rebel youth who have turned to communism, as it is counter culture that grows as a result of socialism.

Groups such as the Earth Liberation Front, whom I have openly supported in the past, have no concept of private property rights. The Animal Liberation Front would rather you die from cancer then to let one little kitten suffer a single day at the hands of a lab technician to find a cure. PETA whom I view as no different from underground groups, doesn’t want you to hunt for your own food, and would rather have you eat soya beans instead of meat.

I am not going to get into the moral issues, as they are full of emotionalism rather then rationalism, nor am I going to say that these groups are outright wrong completely, as I do think they have some valid points. What I am going to do however is steal information that I have learned from them, and pass it onto you.

My Beginnings:

As I have stated in the past, I was raised in a Christian family with traditional family values. I still support those values, even more so recently as they become more relative to my own life as I get older. The church I was raised in was a member of the Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada. Pastor H. was without a doubt in my mind the best preacher I have ever heard, although I did as a child worry about his blood pressure a few times as his face would turn red during Sunday Service. Some of the main themes from the Pentecostal church was about the end times, the tribulation, and the rapture. Most of the members of my old church believed that the rapture would take place before the tribulation, however I never fully bought into it, making me a post tribulationist, and that was the start of the survivalist mind set for me.

Before anything else, I must give credit to the church for helping me learn to care. Charity must begin at home, but when it goes beyond that the church is one of the best starting places. It was from that church that I began to see myself as part of a community, and as a member of the community I continued to try to make the world a better place, even after I left the church and the faith.

Trying to make the world better, can take many forms and without a moral basis to guide you, can lead a person with good intentions into the worse possible path. There are generally two groups of people in the world. Those that believe that what ever is good for society is good for the individual, and the others which believe what ever is good for the individual is good for society. Socialists believe in the first, I now believe in the second.

The aspect of the beliefs of the church was the topic of ‘the mark of the beast’, in which it was believed that not a single person would be able to buy or sell without it. I won’t go into the whole ordeal of the belief system behind it, there are plenty of other sites on the net which can inform the reader much better then I can about the theories that are running around. Some of which might be closer to the truth then I’m willing to admit. But the point is, the virtual big brother is very real to some people, and there are steps one can take to protect yourself.

How to get a second name:

A legal second name is called a ‘pen name‘. (Also know as AKA, alias, allonym, ananym, anonym, assumed name, false name, fictitious name, nickname, nom de guerre, nom de plume, professional name, pseudonym, and stage name.) To legalize a pen name you basically have to set up proof that you intend to be known by the second name of your choice and that the intentions involved do not have anything to do with illegal activity. There are advantages to being an author of a published, or unpublished work at this point, which happens to include websites such as personal blogs, most western countries have laws protecting authors’ identities. In Canada for example, authors have the right to remain anonymous, and still retain copyrights.

The best practice to register a pen name for the purpose of being an author is to use a ‘notary public‘, and literally sign a statement which states that you are also know by your chosen pen name. There are other options, but you would have to check with the laws that govern the area you plan to register your pen name. Now, I wonder if you noticed how I worded that last sentence. Since it is copyright laws we are mostly dealing with, rather then the laws around the right of an author to remain anonymous directly, international agreements open the way to register your pen name almost anywhere. In other words, there is very little need to register your pen name in your home country. Take note of that as I continue.

About Letters of Identification:

There are as many ways to identify yourself as there are ways for zealots, and crooks to mess with your life by staling your identity. We identify ourselves in so many ways, it is amazing that identity theft isn’t a larger problem then it is. Part of the problem is that most people do not actively protect their private information, or understand the laws concerning government documents. The Social Security, or Social Insurance Numbers were never meant to be used as a standard form of government identification except towards the government itself for the purposes they were created for. What that means is that the SIN/SS numbers can be used for tax purposes, but was never intended for credit checks and reports. You should also never give out your SIN/SS number when applying for a job, only give it to your employer if you get confirmation that you already have the job. Americans are only allowed to have one Social Security Number, and can not apply for another for a pen name, you have to use the same number for your real name and your pen name. Likewise Canadian are only allowed to hold one Social Insurance Number for the same reasons, interesting side note however, that although there are laws stating you can not have more then one SIN number, there is no law stating that you have to have one in the first place. This is mainly because non-resident Canadians without ‘ties’ to Canada do not have to pay personal income tax, and those that leave Canada while children hardly ever apply for the “benefits” of a social insurance number.

The same notary public, or other legal notary such as a lawyer, that can certify your pen name to help you protect your copy rights for your up coming book or novel, can also provide a certified letter of identification (sometimes referred to as a letter of indication, or a circular note). The usefulness by itself is rather limited, it can be used to notify your bank that you might be receiving checks in that other name from your publisher. Letters of identification can also be used for to prove your identity with most service providers. For example, you could use it for opening an ISP account, renting a phone line, getting a cell phone, or anything where you can place a deposit for a service.

– Wolfe

This post was last updated on: January 12 2015 16:53:47