Communicable disease threats report, 10-16 November 2019, week 46

The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 10 November - 16 November 2019 and includes updates on West Nile fever, influenza A(H9N2), multicountry influenza, Ebola virus disease and Salmonella Mikawasima . Access the full set of maps, graphs and visuals for the CDTR at: http://ecdc.europa.eu/cdtr

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UTI antibiotic, Fetroja, receives FDA approval

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Fetroja (cefiderocol), an antibacterial drug for treatment of patients 18 years of age or older with complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI), including kidney infections caused by susceptible Gram-negative microorganisms, who have limited or no alternative treatment options. “Today’s approval provides an additional treatment option for patients with […]

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College of Charleston mumps outbreak: 43 cases recorded

By NewsDesk  @infectiousdiseasenews In a follow-up on the mumps outbreak at the College of Charleston, President Andrew T. Hsu addressed the campus community today saying since the outbreak was announced on September 23, 2019, we have had a total of 43 confirmed mumps cases among members of our campus community, the vast majority of which are […]

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Ebola NOT in Lesotho

A number of reports came out yesterday concerning an Ebola Virus Disease case reported in the landlocked kingdom of Lesotho, which is encircled by South Africa. In this video, I look at these reports, the social media frenzy that happened and finally, what the Lesotho government finally said today. Plague in China: Pneumonic plague diagnosed […]

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Yellow fever: Tychan develops 1st antibody candidate treatment

Tychan‘s first-in-class monoclonal antibody candidate treatment for Yellow Fever (YF), called TY014, has successfully completed Phase 1A/1B safety trials in Singapore, it announced today. Tychan received regulatory approval from the Health Sciences Authority (HSA) of Singapore in November last year to conduct human trials for TY014, after a record setting timeline of 7 months from candidate to regulatory submission. […]

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Guest View: Flavor ban a boon for health

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The CDC continues to investigate a number of different compounds and ... Clinics are now on high alert across the country for signs of vaping-related illness ... According to the CDC, 80% of patients reported with vaping-related lung ...

Ebola news update: Aid worker killings, Miscommunication issues

By NewsDesk  @infectiousdiseasenews Democratic Republic of Congo: Ebola Virus Disease – External Situation Report 67 Over the last three months, there has been a steady decrease in confirmed cases of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. At the peak of the epidemic in the last week of April 2019, 120 cases […]

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Arboviruses: Insulin can increase mosquitoes’ immunity to West Nile, dengue and Zika

A discovery by a Washington State University-led research team has the potential to inhibit the spread of West Nile virus as well as Zika and dengue viruses. In a study published today in the journal Cell Reports, researchers demonstrated that mammalian insulin activated an antiviral immunity pathway in mosquitoes, increasing the insects’ ability to suppress the […]

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Mucormycosis treatment guidelines developed

Professor Oliver Cornely, head of the European Centre of Excellence for Invasive Fungal Infections at Cologne University Hospital, has developed a globally applicable diagnosis and treatment guideline for the rare disease mucormycosis. Without treatment, mucormycosis leads to death within a very short time. The new guideline is one of the first treatment guidelines to ever […]

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Measles in the Pacific Islands: Fiji, Samoa and Tonga

By NewsDesk  @infectiousdiseasenews Measles in Fiji To date the measles outbreak is confined to the Serua/Namosi Subdivision, and specifically the Wailali Settement in Wainadoi. A Measles Taskforce has been convened by the Ministry of Health and Medical Services to coordinate the response to the outbreak and assist the respective divisional and subdivisional teams. Since the last […]

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Plague in China: Pneumonic plague diagnosed in Beijing

The New York Times and other media are reporting on two pneumonic plague cases from Inner Mongolia in northern China that were diagnosed in a Beijing hospital. I take a look at this story and some other information about plague. Can dengue virus be sexually transmitted? Thailand: 4 Important Infectious Diseases in 2019 Measles in […]

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Rabies: University of Melbourne scientists solve a key scientific puzzle

Researchers have found a way to stop the rabies virus shutting down the body’s immune defence against it. In doing so they have solved a key scientific puzzle and have laid the foundation for the development of new anti-rabies vaccines. Rabies kills an estimated 60,000 people a year, most of them in developing countries, overwhelmingly […]

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Dengue in the Americas 2019 sees the highest cases recorded

By NewsDesk  @infectiousdiseasenews Through October 19 this year,  a total of 2,733,635 cases of dengue (280 cases per 100,000 population) have been reported, including 1,206 deaths in the Americas. According to the Pan American Health Organization, this is the largest recorded in the history of dengue in the Americas, exceeding by 13% the number of cases […]

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Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: 3rd case reported in Moncton, New Brunswick

By NewsDesk  @bactiman63 Moncton is a city of some 85,000 people in southeastern New Brunswick, Canada. In a CBC report today, it is reported that a third Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) case this year–all three cases had cataract surgery at the Moncton Hospital. In April, Moncton Hospital reported the identification two separate cases where a patient with […]

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Syphilis in Brazil: Most cases in nearly a decade

By NewsDesk  @bactiman63 Health authorities in Brazil are reporting the highest number of syphilis cases since 2010, according to a Folha De S. Paulo report. There were 158,000 cases of primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis syphilis, or 75.8 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in 2018. This is up from 59.1 cases per 100,000 in 2017. Health officials are […]

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Pakistan: Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever deaths in Karachi rises to 20, Rabies death toll rises in Sindh

By NewsDesk  @bactiman63 Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever The Pakistan Observer reports the 20th fatality due to Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in Karachi Monday. Health officials issued a health alert due to CCHF this past July. The Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC) is advising hospitals to adopt special precautions for a CCHF affected patient, including the establishment […]

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Guam reports 12th local dengue case

By NewsDesk  @bactiman63 Guam health officials reported Friday the confirmation of the 12th locally transmitted dengue fever case on the island this year. In addition to the local cases, Guam has also reported seven imported dengue cases. The Guam Public Health Laboratory of the Department of Public Health and Social Services (DPHSS) continues the enhanced surveillance […]

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Dengue: Improving outbreak predictions

An international team has been improving dengue infection outbreak predictions, highlighting the challenges researchers face when attempting to build successful forecasting models. Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection most commonly found in the Caribbean, the Americas, and South East Asia. The infection is usually mild, but can also cause severe flu-like symptoms and can be […]

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‘Brain-eating amoeba’: 16th death reported in Karachi in 2019

By NewsDesk  @bactiman63 Local Pakistani media are reporting the 16th fatality this year due to the “brain-eating amoeba”, Naegleria fowleri in Karachi. The victim is a 28-year-old man from the New Karachi area. He was hospitalized four days ago and died Monday. The report does not specify how the patient contracted the lethal parasite. Naegleria fowleri […]

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Ebola vaccine, Ervebo, receives final approval in Europe

The European Medicines Agency has recommended granting a conditional marketing authorisation in the European Union for Ervebo (rVSVΔG-ZEBOV-GP), the first vaccine for active immunisation of individuals aged 18 years and older at risk of infection with the Ebola virus. “This is an important step towards relieving the burden of this deadly disease,” said Guido Rasi, EMA’s Executive Director. The CHMP’s […]

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Copper hospital beds harbor 95 percent fewer bacteria than conventional hospital beds: Study

A new study has found that copper hospital beds in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) harbored an average of 95 percent fewer bacteria than conventional hospital beds, and maintained these low-risk levels throughout patients’ stay in hospital. The research is published this week in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology. “Hospital-acquired […]

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Dog-transmitted rabies eliminated in Mexico

By NewsDesk  @bactiman63 The World Health Organization (WHO) announced today that Mexico became the first country in the world to receive WHO validation for eliminating dog-transmitted rabies as a public health problem. “Eliminating rabies doesn’t happen by accident,” said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General. “It takes political resolve, careful planning and meticulous execution. I congratulate […]

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Measles case confirmed in Atlanta area

By NewsDesk  @bactiman63 Georgia state health officials have confirmed a measles case in a unvaccinated Cobb County resident. The individual may have exposed others between Oct. 31- Nov. 6. The Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH)  is notifying individuals who may have been exposed to the virus and may be at increased risk for developing measles. DPH […]

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